Horizons is an annual journal of undergraduate research, creative work and innovation at the University of Hawaiʻi. The undergraduate work we publish in our print and online versions represent the very best of what students do on our beautiful campus each year. That work, whether in the form of a research paper or capstone thesis, an innovative approach to a problem, or a thought-provoking example of artistic expression, pushes the horizons of academic scholarship in novel ways. The selections we publish in Horizons each year may ask you to rethink an unquestioned assumption, feel strong emotions, or spark an interest in a new area. In all of these cases, we hope that these student works expand our readers’ horizons, wherever you happen to be in the world.