Hawaii series

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Compilation of bibliographies on ethnic groups in Hawaii


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    The Hawaiians, an annotated bibliography
    (Honolulu : Social Science Research Institute, University of Hawaii, 1985) Tachihata, Chieko ; Kittelson, David J.
    Scattered over two centuries of Hawaiian literature is a multitude of little- known and often forgotten publications depicting and analyzing ancient and modern Hawaiians and their culture. This bibliography will introduce and describe some of this body of writings to those seeking information about the Hawaiian people. The bases for inclusion in this compilation are Hawaiian subject matter, English language format, and accessibility. Although the imprints cited were chosen irrespective of academic field or level, the selections reflect the compiler's historical bent and the publisher's discipline. The annotations are descriptive, rather than critical, and are based on a personal examination of each text. Entries are numbered and arranged alpha¬betically by personal or corporate author, or lacking these, by title. Multiple works of an author appear chronologically. Since most of the items are in the Hawaiian Collection, there are no location symbols except for HAM, Hamilton Library collection; HHS, Hawaiian Historical Society Library; and R, Judith Rubano's Culture and Behavior in Hawaii. Hawaiian diacritical markings—the kālele leo or macron, indicating a stressed vowel, and the 'u'ina or hamza, representing a glottal stop—are not used unless they appeared in titles. Newspaper articles are omitted since the Index to the Honolulu Advertiser and Honolulu Star-Bulletin contains numerous references from 1929 to the present. The series on Hawaiian culture that Charles Kenn wrote for the University of Hawaii newspaper, Ka Leo O Hawaii, in the early 1930s, however, is cited. Legends are generally excluded because of the extensive listings in the Hawaii Library Association's Hawaiian Legends Index and Amos Leib's Hawaiian Legends in English. Children's books are left out. Articles from Imua I Ke Kumu, Ko Kakou, Laulima, and Mo'olelo, the local high school Foxfire journals, are included.
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    Culture and behavior in Hawaii : an annotated bibliography
    (Honolulu, Social Science Research Institute, University of Hawaii, 1971) Rubano, Judith
    The multi-ethnic character of the population of Hawaii has long attracted students of the behavioral sciences. Many of these scientists, and especially the visiting researchers, have encountered difficulty in obtaining or even locating literature specific to Hawaii and relevant to their fields of scientific interest. This bibliography is an effort to correct that situation by bringing together materials which relate to the attitudes and behavior of the people of Hawaii, particularly those attitudes and behaviors which have some ethnic relevance. A word is in order regarding those materials which were deliberately omitted from this bibliography. Among these are brief reports of demographic data which include statistics but omit interpretation or analysis. This type of information is available through the Hawaii Department of Planning and Economic Development. The Department releases demographic data through two publications: the Statistical Report Series, issued several times a year since 1963, and the Report CTC Series, published frequently but irregularly since 1963 by the Department’s Census Tract Committee. Also, numerous memoranda are circulated within the Department reporting demographic data felt to be useful to state research personnel. Reports of economic conditions in Hawaii, many of which contain detailed socio-demographic data, have been published annually since 1951 by the Bank of Hawaii, Department of Business Research. Titles vary with emphasis of these mid-year reports. For census data the reader is referred to reports of the U. S. Bureau of the Census which has been publishing statistics for Hawaii regularly since the Thirteenth Census (1910). Materials reporting ethnic differentiation in the incidence of ill nesses and disease have not been deliberately sought out except where recognized specialists have suggested the significance of psycho-cultural factors. Although many works of this nature have been included, the coverage tends to be somewhat scanty. Articles reporting ethnic variation in illness and disease frequently appear in the Hawaii Medical Journal, a quarterly publication of the Hawaii Medical Association. For additional information the reader may wish to consult the numerous publications of the Hawaii Depart ment of Health, particularly their annual Statistical Report; and newsletters, information bulletins and research reports published by the various branches and bureaus of the Department of Health. The compilation of linguistic materials is not as complete as that of two rather recently published bibliographies devoted entirely to this subject. For more extensive treatment of works in language and linguistics the reader is referred to John E. Reinecke's Language and Dialect in Hawaii, edited by Stanley M. Tsuzaki and published in 1969 by the University of Hawaii Press. Tsuzaki and Reinecke have also co-authored a 1966 publication of the Pacific and Asian Linguistic Institute of the University of Hawaii, entitled English in Hawaii: An Annotated Bibliography. While it is recognized that some knowledge of the history of the peoples of Hawaii is essential to the understanding of culture, behavior and culture change, works of a purely historical nature have been omitted. It is suggested that those seeking historical data make their interests known to the Curator of the Hawaiian Collection of the University of Hawaii, that they may be guided to suitable materials. A Selective Reading List of Hawaiian Books, compiled by Janet E . Bell and Yasuto Kaihara has been issued annually since 1965 by the Curator. Among its categories are history, culture, language, natural history and bibliography. Newspaper and popular magazine articles have been excluded from this bibliography. Such materials may be found in the Index to the Honolulu Advertiser and Honolulu Star-Bulletin, 1929-1968, published in 1968 by the Office of Library Services of the Hawaii Department of Education. This is a five-volume subject index to the two major newspapers of Hawaii. The major sources of materials and data on the people of Hawaii are to be found in libraries and collections located at the University of Hawaii, Hawaii State Library and Hawaii Department of Health. This bibliography originated as a research project under the direction of Professor William P. Lebra, who conceived the idea of the bibliographic series of which it is a part. His guidance and consistent encouragement made this work possible.
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    The Chinese in Hawaii; an annotated bibliography
    (Honolulu, Social Science Research Institute, University of Hawaii; distributed by University Press of Hawaii, 1973) Young, Nancy Foon
    This bibliography lists and annotates selected materials with significant data on the Chinese in Hawaii without regard to academic field or orientation. Its primary aim is to aid the researcher in locating data on the Chinese— much of which is scattered in a myriad of short articles and brief documents. While emphasis is on the Chinese in the Hawaiian Islands, selected references on the homeland are included to provide background on emigration and the effects of such emigration on the home country. In the process of locating materials for inclusion in this bibliography, I relied heavily upon other bibliographic works— especially previous publications in the Social Science Research Institute Hawaii Series: The Japanese in Hawaii, 1868-1967: A Bibliography of the First Hundred Years, by Mitsugu Matsuda; The Koreans in Hawaii: An Annotated Bibliography by Arthur L. Gardner; and Culture and Behavior in Hawaii: An Annotated Bibliography by Judith Rubano. A number of annotations from these works were quoted in their entirety or with slight modification. Where this was done, the author of the bibliography and the number of the item quoted follows the annotation. Also very useful were English in Hawaii: An Annotated Bibliography, co-authored by Stanley Tsuzaki and John Reinecke (1969) and two SSRI working papers: "The Chinese in Hawaii: A Selected and Annotated Bibliography" by C. H. Lowe and "The Filipinos in Hawaii: An Annotated Bibliography" by Ruben R. Alcantara and Nancy S. Alconcel, with Cesar S. Wycoco. Materials on the Chinese in Hawaii were searched at public libraries throughout Honolulu. A search of libraries on the other Islands or on the mainland United States may yield further data, but is beyond the scope of this project. The location of each work cited is indicated at the extreme right of the entry, preceding the annotation. Additional locations of general materials have been omitted if they are available on the University of Hawaii campus; in the case of rare documents all possible locations are listed. The most extensive collection of works is found at the Hawaiian and Pacific Collection of the University, but important documents are also held by the Hawaii Chinese History Center, the Hawaiian Historical Society, the Hawaiian Mission Children’s Society, the Archives of Hawaii, and the Hamilton Library of the University of Hawaii. B. A. honors’ theses are housed separately on the fourth floor of Sinclair Library at the University, but selected theses are currently being Xeroxed for inclusion in the Hawaiian and Pacific Collection. Some materials are also available at the Hawaii State Library, the Chinese Chamber of Commerce, the United Chinese Society, the University of Hawaii Asia Collection and various State offices, such as the Department of Land and Natural Resources. Limited information on the Chinese is housed at the ILWU and Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association (HSPA) libraries, but since these libraries are not open to the general public, their materials are not reported in this bibliography. Holdings of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum duplicate University materials, and thus the museum location is not reported. Newspaper articles reporting current news on the Chinese are excluded. Regular news articles are indexed in the Index to the Honolulu Advertiser and Honolulu Star Bulletin, 1929-1968, published in 1968 by the Office of Library Services of the Hawaii Department of Education. The Archives of Hawaii has indexed a number of Hawaii newspapers, although the indexing is incomplete. However, special articles such as the 1961 supplements to the Honolulu Star Bulletin and Honolulu Advertiser commemorating the fiftieth anniversary of the Chinese Chamber of Commerce, are listed. Materials on the Chinese on the mainland United States are purposely omitted as these have been covered elsewhere. Three useful bibliographies of Asians on the mainland U. S. are: Asians in America: A Bibliography of Master's Theses and Doctoral Dissertations by William Wong Lum (1970); Asians in America: A Selected Annotated Bibliography by Isao Fujimoto, Michiyo Yamaguchi Swift and Rosalie Zucker (1971); and Asian Americans: An Annotated Bibliography, Harry Kitano, ed. (1971). The Hawaii Chinese History Center has collected a large amount of printed materials from various organizations in Honolulu. For many organizations these documents consist of minutes, financial records, and other raw data retained by the present officers. Those interested in such materials can consult the list of "Presidents of the Chinese Organizations in Honolulu, " issued annually by the United Chinese Society, and then contact the current president. Chinese-language sources are included in the body of this bibliography in alphabetical order according to the English translation of the author or title of the article. The Chinese characters for these sources are listed by item number in the Glossary. This bibliography represents the culmination of a two-year cooperative effort of the Hawaii Chinese History Center and the Social Science Research Institute of the University of Hawaii, and is the first major publication produced by the Hawaii Chinese History Center, an organization initiated in October, 1971.
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    The Filipinos in Hawaii : an annotated bibliography
    (Honolulu : Social Sciences and Linguistics Institute, University of Hawaii, 1977) Alcántara, Rubén R.
    This annotated bibliography on Filipinos in Hawaii is the sixth in the Hawaii Series, a research and publication program devoted to the tracing, compilation and evaluation of the existing literature on the various peoples and cultures in these islands. The Hawaii Series is a program of the University of Hawaii's Social Sciences and Linguistics Institute (SSLI). The Filipino bibliography project was initiated in 1971, with partial funding from the Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts. The following year the preliminary report on this project, "The Filipinos in Hawaii, an Annotated Bibliography, " was prepared. This report was largely a cooperative endeavor, with my self as project director. Nancy S. Alconcel, a professional librarian, set up a master file of entries that would possibly be relevant to the bibliography: Cesar S. Wycoco, a graduate assistant, located the materials and collected notes for the annotation. The preliminary report consisted mainly of publications in the libraries of the University of Hawaii. After the publication of the preliminary report in 1972, further work on this bibliography project was made possible largely by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation to the Department of American Studies of the University of Hawaii. Additional support came from the Japanese American Research Center. Two graduate assistants, Rochelle A. MacArthur and John Berger, helped locate entries in the various libraries on Oahu and collected notes for the annotations. This Filipino bibliography project, therefore, is largely the result of the work, support, and encouragement of all involved. Several others deserve our special gratitude for making this publication possible. David Kittleson, the curator of the Hawaiian and Pacific Collection at the University of Hawaii, helped locate the materials and brought new publications to our attention. Seymour Lutzky, chairman of the American Studies Department, provided encouragement and assistance throughout all the stages of the project. To them and to many others we express our gratitude. This annotated bibliography contains only the entries pertinent to the Hawaii Filipino experience. We did not include materials regarding Filipinos on the United States mainland, as several such bibliographies are available. We have listed only the materials that are readily accessible to researchers and scholars. We were successful in locating a number of unpublished manuscripts and conference papers, and we have annotated these only if we received the author's permission to deposit a copy in a library collection. We have not listed separately all the news items about Hawaii Filipinos that appeared in the two major newspapers on Oahu inasmuch as students and researchers can handily consult the Index to the Honolulu Advertiser and Star-Bulletin (1929-68, with annual updating).
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    The Japanese in Hawaii : an annotated bibliography of Japanese Americans
    (Honolulu : Social Sciences and Linguistics Institute, University of Hawaii : distributed by University Press of Hawaii, 1975) Matsuda, Mitsugu ; Ogawa, Dennis M. ; Fujioka, Jerry Y. ; Japanese American Research Center
    The Japanese-American experience in Hawaii spans over one hundred years and encompasses four generations— the issei (first generation), nisei (second), sansei (third), and yonsei (fourth). Compared to the small contingent of less than 150 immigrants who arrived in Honolulu in 1868, Japanese Americans today constitute a substantial portion of the Island population, numbering over 217, 000. Like all of Hawaii's ethnic groups, the experience of the Japanese Americans lends itself to a variety of historical and cultural studies. Researchers from within and without the ethnic group have explored this experience creatively and from a wide range of viewpoints. As a consequence, interpretations regarding the day-to-day affairs, community activities, generational characteristics, and cultural philosophy of the people as a whole have been extremely varied. Due to this diversity, the existing studies on Hawaii's Japanese Americans present a rich background of information that stimulates comparative ethnic perspectives and leads to a greater understanding of the processes of human behavior in the Islands. This revision of Mitsugu Matsuda's Japanese in Hawaii, 1868-1967: An Annotated Bibliography of the First Hundred Years calls attention to writings which are available to students and individuals interested in Americans of Japanese ancestry. The materials range from scholarly pieces based upon traditional academic sources for documentation to literature found in newspapers, novels, and general periodicals which have historic, biographic or general descriptive value. The primary purpose of this bibliography is to provide a reference guide for the undergraduate, English-speaking student who is attempting to understand the Japanese-American experience in Hawaii. Consequently, two criteria were established for the listing of materials in this work. First of all, it was felt that a usable guide include only those materials which were in English. However, Japanese language entries from Matsuda's original work were reprinted in the Appendix for researchers who may find such information valuable. Second, writings were selected based on their general availability. Obscure manuscripts, private papers, or articles appearing in journals not available to students were omitted. This bibliography does not pretend to be exhaustive of the wealth of materials written by, for, or about Japanese Americans, but does provide a complete reference of published studies which can be readily obtained. While this work is largely an update and reorganization of Matsuda's annotated bibliography, certain additions and changes have been made so as to fulfill the objective of providing a useful reference guide for students. The first change was to bring Matsuda's work on English publications up-todate. To add to student usability, a much-needed subject index was developed incorporating both new and old materials. Further, all entries were organized alphabetically by author rather than following Matsuda's original categorization of materials into separate resource headings. Also included in this publication were selected entries from Judith Rubano's bibliography Culture and Behavior in Hawaii (No. 3 in the Hawaii Series). Rubano's work is an excellent compilation of behavioral science materials but too broad and inclusive for students seeking references solely on Japanese Americans. Consequently, where applicable, this work has been integrated into the present bibliography. Annotations taken from the Matsuda and Rubano bibliographies are followed by the letter designation [M] or [R] and the entry number of the original work.
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    The Koreans in Hawaii; an annotated bibliography
    (Honolulu, Social Science Research Institute, University of Hawaii, 1970) Gardner, Arthur L. (Arthur Leslie)
    This volume represents the second of a series implemented to compensate for the lacunae of bibliographic source materials on Hawaii's people of Asian ancestry. It is particularly appropriate that a volume on Hawaiians of Korean ancestry should appear at this time, for in recent years the university has grown to a position of leadership in Korean studies, and planning is underway for the establishment of a Korean Center. Moreover, during the long period of colonial status, Hawaii served as a rallying point for a major segment of the Korean liberation movement. The first generation of Korean immigrants who sustained that movement here are now passing on, and Mr. Gardner's efforts have come at a moment when their experience and efforts can still be appraised on a firsthand basis. It is hoped that the materials presented here will serve as the foundation for a social history of the Koreans in Hawaii. Support for this research was provided by grant funds from the Ford Foundation, and a gift from an anonymous member of the local Korean community contributed toward the publication costs of this volume. The proportion of Koreans within the total population of Hawaii has never been large. The number of residents of Korean ancestry in 1970, slightly less than one percent of the state’s approximately 800, 000 people, is not appreciably greater than the total number of Koreans who arrived in the Hawaiian Islands in the one relatively brief period of concentrated immigration from 1903 to 1905. The distinctiveness of these Korean Americans is therefore being overlooked by some observers simply because of their small numbers. The earliest Korean arrivals in Hawaii were included along with the Chinese for statistical and recording convenience, and a recent trend has been to include the Koreans in the "all others" category in most comparative ethnic studies. The small number of Koreans in the islands has resulted through the years in a relatively high rate of intermarriage with other ethnic groups. Yet, the Korean community has, to a remarkable extent, resisted erosion of its separate identity. Its members have built and maintained a unique position among other ethnic groups in the wider Hawaiian community. Koreans were never enemy aliens, never suspect because of their numbers. They were people with a dramatic "cause, " products of a resilient culture who had highly individualistic personalities. The result has been that Koreans in Hawaii have become established as a greater influence in the community than their small numbers might otherwise have warranted. Although a few small groups of Korean merchants were admitted to the Hawaiian Islands as early as 1899, the first shipload of immigrants who came specifically to work on the sugar plantations arrived in Honolulu on January 13, 1903. Before the flow of organized emigration was cut off in the early summer of 1905, almost seven thousand Koreans were admitted to the territory.
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