Smart Cities and Smart City Government

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    A Requirements Framework for the Design of Smart City Reference Architectures
    ( 2018-01-03) Bastidas, Viviana ; Helfert, Markus ; Bezbradica, Marija
    Reference architectures are generalized models of several end systems that share one or more common domains. They facilitate the design of high-quality concrete architectures and the communication between domain professionals. The reference architecture approach should be applied in the smart city domain because of its complexity where different stakeholders and heterogeneous systems and technologies must coexist and interact. Smart cities reference architectures should offer a cooperative framework for stakeholders and a guide to design concrete architectures. Industry and academia have proposed different requirements for concrete architectures. However, there is a lack of standardization in the requirements for the design of smart city reference architectures. This can produce that concrete architectures do not meet citizens’ requirements. The goal of this paper is to define a set of requirements for the design of smart city reference architectures. We conduct a literature review to find the requirements which should fulfil these reference architectures.
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    Online Activities to Mobilize Smart Cities
    ( 2018-01-03) Sakurai, Mihoko ; Sæbø, Øystein
    A smart city is a dynamic living system that contains hard (unchanging) and soft (changing) parts that each involve the implementation of respective technologies. Prior research has focused on infrastructure, technology, and social components when discussing smart city structure. In this paper, we explore key elements within the soft aspects of smart city initiatives enabling the organization of a dynamic structure. To do so, we focus on human behavior, which we illustrate by analyzing online activities in two cases: one is related to a smart city while the other focuses on an online community. Based on the analysis, we identify key elements that reveal how people participate and become engaged in order to provide lessons to be taken into account within smart city initiatives. Within online activities, the key elements we note are related to knowledge generation, information sharing of common interests, and the creation of collective action.
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    Understanding the Adoption of Smart Community Services: Perceived Usefulness, Enjoyment, and Affective Community Commitment
    ( 2018-01-03) Li, Ruizhi ; Huang, Qian ; Chen, Xiayu ; Zheng, Bowen ; Liu, Hefu
    Smart community is an emerging form of community that provides various convenient services (smart community services (SCS)) through smart community platform to community residents. However, in practice, residents have limited SCS acceptance, which deserves to be further investigated in the literature. This study investigates the SCS adoption of residents by integrating technological belief factors (perceived usefulness and enjoyment), and social influence factor (affective community commitment). A survey of 191 residents identifies perceived usefulness, perceived enjoyment, and affective community commitment as important determinants of SCS adoption. Affective community commitment weakens the effect of perceived enjoyment yet strengthen the effect of perceived usefulness on SCS adoption. Our study fills the research gap on smart community as well as enriches the IT acceptance literature. This study also offers practical recommendations that can aid practitioners in conducting smart community programs.
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    A Tale of two "Smart Cities": Investigating the Echoes of New Public Management and Governance Discourses in Smart City Projects in Brazil
    ( 2018-01-03) Przeybilovicz, Erico ; Cunha, Maria Alexandra ; Macaya, Javiera Fernanda Medina ; Albuquerque, João Porto de
    This study investigates the influence of discourses of New Public Management and e-Governance on the manner in which Information Technology (IT) has been conceived in recent smart city initiatives in Brazil. A critical discourse analysis is conducted as the methodological approach to investigate the role of IT in smart city discourses of two cities. The main result has shown that the role of technology within the two cases strongly reflects the discourses of New Public Management and e-governance, in which there is clearly a latent tension between top-down and bottom-up approaches to smart cities.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on Smart Cities and Smart City Government
    ( 2018-01-03) Gasco-Hernandez, Mila ; Negre, Elsa ; Rosenthal-Sabroux, Camille