Visibility Analysis of Oahu Heiau

Date
2012-05
Authors
Lyman, Kepa
Contributor
Advisor
McGranaghan, Matthew
Department
Geography and Environment
Instructor
Depositor
Speaker
Researcher
Consultant
Interviewer
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
[Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2012]
Volume
Number/Issue
Starting Page
Ending Page
Alternative Title
Abstract
The English missionary William Ellis made an evangelical circuit of Hawaii Island in 1823. In the northern district of Kohala he observed the ruins of the heiau Puʻukohala. He wrote: "Although the huge pile resembles a dismantled fortress, whose frown no longer strikes terror through the surrounding country, yet it is impossible to walk over such a Golgotha, or contemplate a spot which must often have resembled a pandemonium, more than any living thing on earth, without a strong feeling of horror at the recollection of the bloody and infernal rites frequently practised within its walls." Puʻukohala was the major heiau of Kamehameha, who constructed the massive structure before launching his conquest of the Hawaiian Islands. Heiau feature prominently in ethnohistoric accounts of warfare and political struggle. Ellis recorded the sacrificial rites performed at Puʻukohala: "Tairi, or Kukairimoku, the favourite war-god of Tamehameha, was the principal idol. To him the heiau was dedicated, and for his occasional residence it was built. On the day in which he was brought within its precincts, vast offerings of fruit, hogs, and dogs, were presented, and no less than eleven human victims immolated on its altars (82)." The ritual of human sacrifice was introduced to Hawaii in the 12th century and became common at war heiau such as Puʻukohala. In time, heiau of this design emerged as the major symbol of elite power and control. They were often of monumental construction and located on the crests of hills, sea promontories, and other topographically commanding and visually prominent locations. Heiau relied on their visibility to project power over the common people or makaʻainana-literally, the "eyes of the land." A spatial and statistical analysis is proposed to quantify the visibility of known heiau locations on the island of Oahu. This process relies on a spatial dataset assembled from a wide range of sources.
Description
MA University of Hawaii at Manoa 2012
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 68–70).
Keywords
heiau, intervisibility, viewshed analysis, data methodology, exploratory data analysis
Citation
Extent
iv, 70 leaves
Format
Geographic Location
Time Period
Related To
Theses for the degree of Master of Arts (University of Hawaii at Manoa). Geography.
Rights
All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Rights Holder
Collections
Email libraryada-l@lists.hawaii.edu if you need this content in ADA-compliant format.