Identity Construction of International Students in Japan: L2 Japanese Speakers' Meta-Awareness of Their Positioning in Interaction

dc.contributor.advisor Yoshimi, Dina R. Hanaoka, Vera Elisabeth Wiener
dc.contributor.department East Asian Language & Literature 2022-10-19T22:36:02Z 2022-10-19T22:36:02Z 2022 Ph.D.
dc.subject Linguistics
dc.subject beliefs
dc.subject folklinguistic theories
dc.subject identity construction
dc.subject L2 Japanese language learners
dc.subject L2 Japanese speakers
dc.subject positioning
dc.title Identity Construction of International Students in Japan: L2 Japanese Speakers' Meta-Awareness of Their Positioning in Interaction
dc.title.alternative 日本での外国人留学生のアイデンティティ構築ー第二言語話者の相互行為での位置付けに関するメタ認識
dc.type Thesis
dcterms.abstract ABSTRACTThis dissertation examines how L2 Japanese speaker international students experience their subjectivity (Harré & Gillett, 1994), that is, how their language use and actions convey their thoughts and feelings, their sense of self, and how they relate to the world around them, in casual conversations with L1 Japanese speaker peers. In order to investigate L2 speaker subjectivity, this study analyzes audio-video conversation and interview data to determine 1) L2-L1 Japanese speaker pairs’ jointly accomplished identity construction achieved through their positioning (Davies & Harré, 1990) in interaction, 2) L2 Japanese speakers’ folklinguistic theories—lay theories about language use— (Imai, Nojima & Okada, 2012; Miller & Ginsburg, 1995) about such positioning, and 3) L2 Japanese speakers’ meta-awareness, evidenced by their descriptions of their theories of how discursive, pragmatic, and semiotic resources are utilized in positioning. The study participants used a) the first-person masculine pronouns boku and ore, and the first-person neutral pronoun watashi, b) the Kansai dialect of Western Japan perceived nationwide as frank and humorous, and c) the boke-tsukkomi (fool-straight man) comedic routine as resources for positioning. Drawing on these three categories of resources, the L2-L1 Japanese speaker pairs construct a relationship through their mutual acceptance of storylines (Davies & Harré, 1990, van Langenhove & Harré, 1999) that form the basis of their positioning. An analysis of the participants’ folklinguistic theories indicated that they had highly descriptive meta-awareness of Kansai dialect, moderately descriptive meta-awareness of first-person pronouns, and rudimentary meta-awareness of the boke-tsukkomi comedic routine. The findings of this dissertation contribute to the scholarship on L2 speaker identity construction and language learning ideology, both through what they elucidate about the participants’ positioning in interaction and their folklinguistic theories about such positioning, and through the investigation of the under-researched demographic of highly proficient international student sojourners. The study’s novel methodology, of interviewing the L2-L1 participant pairs together using a stimulated-recall protocol with video stimuli generated from their conversation sessions, facilitated a situated and detailed analysis of their ideologies surrounding their identity construction. This dissertation provides further concrete evidence that L2 speakers are holistic individuals who use their L2 to form complex social pasts, presents, and futures, and to have interactions and to construct relationships are that “meaningful and consequential” (Firth & Wagner, 2007), laying the groundwork for future interactions and relationships based on shared social history with their L1 speaker peers.
dcterms.extent 396 pages
dcterms.language en
dcterms.publisher University of Hawai'i at Manoa
dcterms.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
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