Restoring People and Place: Building Biocultural Stewardship Through Grassroots Restoration

dc.contributor.advisor Suryanata, Krisna Grandinetti, Jocelyn W.
dc.contributor.department Geography 2023-02-23T23:56:53Z 2023-02-23T23:56:53Z 2022 M.A.
dc.subject Geography
dc.subject Social research
dc.subject Environmental studies
dc.subject Aloha ʻĀina
dc.subject Biocultural restoration
dc.subject Civic engagement
dc.subject Ecological citizenship
dc.subject Transformative participation
dc.subject Volunteerism
dc.title Restoring People and Place: Building Biocultural Stewardship Through Grassroots Restoration
dc.type Thesis
dcterms.abstract Motivating people to take action on ecological and sociocultural issues within their communities is vital and often difficult. Initiatives that engage people to participate in restoration and other forms of volunteering have the potential for empowering people to act both on large-scales and individual-levels. The increase in biocultural restoration sites in Hawaiʻi contributes to the conservation and restoration of threatened ecosystems while also perpetuating Native Hawaiian practices and Indigenous resurgence. Welcoming people from various backgrounds to participate, these biocultural restoration programs expose people both well-versed in as well as ignorant of the environmental and sociocultural issues in Hawaiʻi to grassroots biocultural efforts, transforming participants’ values and behaviors in the process. Through semi-structured interviews among volunteers, interns, and site managers, participatory observation at volunteer and intern workdays, as well as volunteer surveys, I uncover various ways these experiences foster culturally-embedded ecological citizenship, or biocultural citizenship. Though settler-colonial and capitalistic legacies continue to constrain the progress of these organizations, participants showed signs of biocultural citizenship fostered from experiences that restored their pilina (relationship) to ʻāina and people and empowered them to commit to this mālama ʻāina (taking care of the land) movement. Mechanisms that fostered citizenship included: having embodied experiences with land and food; connecting to nature and culture from a biocultural perspective; building social relationships and community; witnessing their direct impact on the landscape; (re)learning mo’olelo that decolonize particular places; having affective experiences; and (re)articulating one’s identity within the overall movement.
dcterms.extent 170 pages
dcterms.language en
dcterms.publisher University of Hawai'i at Manoa
dcterms.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
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