Digital Society

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    SMART-Portal: A data tracking tool for research purposes from social media and news websites
    ( 2022-01-04) Stieglitz, Stefan ; Basyurt, Ali ; Mirbabaie, Milad
    Social media data has become an important source of information for different parties including researchers from various research fields. Rarely is information given regarding the methods used to acquire social media data to a satisfying degree that would allow the reproduction of research methods and results. With the goal of providing researchers with a method to collect social media data as easily as possible, this paper describes the development of a scientific tool to acquire such data and to use as a method to conduct future research which can be referenced in their work. This tool is named SMART-Portal and it provides researchers with the ability to track data online. Furthermore, it allows the exportation of data in multiple formats for different analyses in addition to allowing researchers to track data from different predefined news websites and Twitter.
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    Moment or Movement – An Empirical Analysis of the Heterogeneous Impact of Media Attention on Charitable Crowdfunding Campaigns
    ( 2022-01-04) Seutter, Janina ; Müller, Michelle ; Müller, Stefanie ; Kundisch, Dennis
    For issues receiving heightened (social) media attention (e.g., natural disasters or social movements), charitable crowdfunding platforms offer an opportunity to generate donations. However, since media attention is typically short-lived, little is known about the long-term impact of temporary attention spikes on donation behavior for different types of crowdfunding campaigns. To address this gap, we examine how the Black Lives Matter movement and the associated social protest cycle after the death of George Floyd have influenced fundraising behavior for campaigns supporting the black community. By applying a differences-in-differences approach on a GoFundMe dataset, we find that campaigns with a personal funding goal only see an increase in donations for about three months, compared with over ten months for campaigns with a societal funding goal. If charitable crowdfunding platforms aim to help personal concerns, they need to signpost donors to such campaigns well beyond the temporal spike in the associated media attention.
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    I’ll (Not) be Home for Christmas: The Impact of the Pandemic on Evaluation Apprehension and Self-Disclosure during the 2020 Holidays
    ( 2022-01-04) Nabity-Grover, Teagen ; Cheung, Christy ; Thatcher, Jason
    Social distancing was encouraged and sometimes enforced via lockdowns during the worst of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, people still needed to socialize to combat feelings of loneliness, so many turned to social media. While online interactions were encouraged, sharing about behaviors considered unsafe during the pandemic was met with increased shaming and vitriol. This study focuses on understanding whether and why online self-disclosure behaviors changed during the holiday season – a time many people believe should be spent with family and loved ones – because of the pandemic. We collected two rounds of survey data in December 2020 from Facebook and Instagram users. Our results show significant differences between the kinds of information disclosed online between 2019 and 2020. We also found that evaluation apprehension moderated the relationship between predicted and reported behaviors for socially desirable information – such as wearing a mask and working from home.
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    Family Tensions and Information Privacy: A Barrier to Diffusion of Proximity Tracing Applications?
    ( 2022-01-04) Belanger, France ; Crossler, Robert ; Allen, Katherine R. ; Resor, Jessica ; Kissel, Heather A. ; Finch, Travis
    Technology played a central role during the pandemic for communications and services. It was also touted as a potential solution to control the spread of COVID-19 via proximity tracing applications, also known as contact tracing (CT) apps worldwide. In non-mandated settings, however, these apps did not attain popularity. Privacy concerns were highlighted as one reason. We explored how family perceptions of CT apps can affect the family’s use of such apps. We surveyed parent-teen dyads twice over a 5-month period. We analyzed parent-teen perceptions of each other’s intentions and use of CT apps at time 1 and 2, exploring changes over time. Parents’ use intentions were influenced by their and their teens’ perceptions of the benefits but not privacy concerns. Teen intentions were influenced by their own perceptions of benefits, not their parent’s, and their parent’s concerns for the family. Intentions always influenced usage, including intentions at time 1 influencing use at time 2, demonstrating a longitudinal effect of intentions on usage existed for parents and teens.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on Digital Society
    ( 2022-01-04) Stieglitz, Stefan ; Mirbabaie, Milad