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    Adaptation Toward A Sustainable Built Environment: A Technical Potential & Quantification of Benefit for Existing Boilding Deep Energy Retrofits in a Subtropic Climate
    ( 2013-05) Alsup, Frank ; Meder, Stephen ; Architecture
    The issues surrounding energy consumption in our existing building stock is proving to be a key component in the move toward a truly sustainable built environment. Best practice energy levels today are much lower than they have been in the past meaning that the buildings we are currently occupying are using much more than they need to be. It is clear that the majority of these structures will remain in operation through 2030 and even 2050. In order to limit overall energy consumption for the foreseeable future, our societies will need to focus on existing building retrofits based on finding the minimum consumptions possible. Methods for attaining deep energy retrofits can be applied to a wide variety of climates and building typologies. Measures utilized to realize results will vary by climate, building function, building use, and other site specific variables. This project focuses on developing a methodology and set of criteria for determining approaches to deep energy retrofits for office space in the Hawaiian climate. The method generated focuses on a passive first approach in order to pursue the deepest savings - otherwise known as a technical potential energy solution. The method is then applied to a specific property in Honolulu to display its potential energy consumption and economic benefits. Best practice levels were researched and applied to the property in question. By reducing active and passive loading, the space is able to reach temperature level suitable for natural ventilation with a ceiling fan assist. Application of the strategies to this property were able to show the potential to save 83% over its existing condition and a consumption level of 7.53 kBtu/sf/yr. Future steps would need to consider a moisture mitigation strategy which are not included in this package. Benefits stemming from the design are many and are calculated to a life cycle present value to show an order of magnitude value associated with the package. Direct owner value is calculated to a present value of $47/SF and qualitative tenant benefits equate to $368/SF showing that direct owner benefit is not enough accomplish the scope proposed, but when combined with tenant benefit it becomes an option that may be viable and deserves further investigation. Benefits quantified include energy savings, indoor environmental improvements, value adding amenities, and increased square footage included in the design package.
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    Architecture's Liminality: Spaces within the Built Fabric
    ( 2013-05) Aviel, Alana ; Ashraf, Kazi ; Architecture
    Projected spaces have appeared throughout history upon the physical forms of reality to suggest virtual spaces. By using visual cues, innate to our lexicon of understanding the world around us, representations have the ability to suggest space that is not physical. Cultural Spatialization compounds over the historical timeline of societal spatial understanding. It responds to new visual stimuli that emerges with new methods of spatial representation. Visual Interplay allows for the exchange of perceptual qualities between the elements of reality and the virtual. This exploration identifies the visual cues used by the architectural fabric’s physical forms that define space. It also defines those used by visual-virtual representations or “projected spaces” that suggest virtual-spatial additions. Through the evaluation across the historical timeline of projected spaces, the context of the cultural spatialization of today is identified. It suggests that present day built environment and visual-virtual representations are not reflective of these capabilities. The breadth of modern spatial experiences is categorized to bring to light the modern cultural spatialization. By contextualizing the modern viewer in light of these discoveries, the architect will be able to sculpt the visual interplay made possible by the technology that assisted in elevating our cultural spatialization.
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    Save the Queen: Preservation + Adaptive Reuse in Hawai'i
    ( 2013-05) Doran, Marisa ; Sarvimaki, Marja ; Architecture
    It is often difficult to view buildings as dynamic structures because of their static nature. However buildings are in fact highly dynamic and can speak to the public of both the past and present simultaneously. This is why adaptive reuse projects carry much more depth to their design than newly built structures. Adaptive reuse practices allow the chance for the public to actively get involved in the preservation of the built and cultural heritage of a place. As discussed in this document, the best approach for an adaptive reuse design shows juxtaposition between the original and the intervention. This approach shows respect to the original design as well as adds a new layer of history to an existing structure that the public can readily identify with. To test this theory, the Queen Theatre in Kaimuki, Hawai‘i, is selected for an adaptive reuse project. The importance of this theater to local theatrical history, in addition to its strong community involvement, makes the Queen Theatre an ideal target as an adaptive reuse project in Hawai‘i. The approach for the adaptive reuse of the Queen is formed by analyzing various examples of reuse projects and theater restorations in Hawai‘i and internationally. The theatrical history and architectural theater developments in Hawai‘i are also analyzed chronologically. As a result of this in-depth research, a sensitive reuse project specific to the Queen Theatre is developed. This design exploration serves as an example of an adaptive reuse project for Honolulu, Hawai‘i, which has significantly less examples than many other cities. It also contributes to the existing body of knowledge of theater restorations in Hawai‘i, which is severely limited as well.
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    Create, Learn, Play: Planning Creative, Whole-body Learning Enviornments for Young Children
    ( 2013-05) Feato, Nicole ; Llewellyn, Clark ; Architecture
    The built environment plays a significant role in the education of a child, with some teaching philosophies referring to it as another teacher. Neural development happens through a combination of genetics and experience. Sensory learning therefore suggests that young developing children are very sensitive to the environment around them. The environment includes the landscape, physical structures and equipment, and people. This thesis proposes that the physical environment (landscape, building structure, and equipment) can positively affect the holistic development of a prekindergarten aged child (between three- five years in age) by providing an enriching learning environment that facilitates whole-body learning and creativity. As a result of examining the multidisciplinary literature on child development and creativity science, as well as studying the way existing progressive preschool pedagogies treat their learning environments, a planning guide has been produced. The planning guide provides strategies for designers and educators to create holistic early learning environments that consider a child’s emotional, mental and physical wellbeing. Children are experiential learners who learn using their whole body. Movement and multi-sensory learning are therefore critical for healthy development. Rich, multilayered explorations of materials encourage creativity, curiosity and imagination. Supportive interventions that allow children multiple opportunities to explore, create, and connect, are vital to an early childhood education facility that wishes to encourage critical thinking and problem solving skills via the development of divergent thinking. It is important to create a supportive network of harmonious interventions. These interventions will become the foundation on which Whole-body Learning and Creativity can be built. The resulting guide is organized into three major sections that go on to discuss supporting topics in detail. Due to the fluid nature of some of the interventions there is some overlap between sections; however the interventions will be discussed topically as they pertain to a given section.