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ItemBusiness Communication In Japan: A Comparative Analysis Of Japanese And American Business Letters(University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2015-11-20)In America, directness and simplicity are recommended for efficient information exchange, in routine letters. Correspondence typically emphasizes the first, and often only, paragraph. Rarely would "quality" business letters begin with irrelevant information or ideas having little to do with main points developed at the end. As the previous sample points out, however, this ideology does not apply in Japan. Peculiarities such as seasonal references, formalities and humble remarks, just to mention a few, indicate significant differences with U.S. standards. My thesis focuses on these differences, pointing to the role Japanese culture plays in Japanese communicative styles. Additionally, with an increasing number of Japan-U. S. joint ventures and business deals, there follows an increase in correspondence between the two countries.
ItemDeterminants of Job Satisfaction in Janitorial Workers(University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014-09-26)Job satisfaction is an area of organizational behavior that has been researched countless times and in depth throughout the decades. Even with thousands of pages in print of theories, predictors, and the affects of job satisfaction, the topic still leaves employers frustrated and researchers ever busy. If someone asks an employee how satisfied he/she is with his or her respective job, the answer is quickly and easily obtained; it is what determines job satisfaction that creates the greatest controversy. This paper attempts to explore and investigate the determinants of job satisfaction. The first section covers the conflicting theories about job satisfaction. These theories emphasize unique factors influencing job satisfaction. In the next section, the validity and significance of the job satisfaction theories are tested using a survey of custodial workers. Statistical analysis is then done on the results of the survey to determine what affects job satisfaction. From the results a discussion and analysis follow. As will be shown, certain factors of job satisfaction had a sizable influence on whether a person found satisfaction in his/her job or not. Conclusions are then drawn from the research and survey about what has a major affect upon job satisfaction.