Digitalization of Work

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    Stickiness Impediments in Digital HRM
    ( 2022-01-04) Naidoo, Rennie ; Ndlovu, Sifiso Wiseman
    Realizing optimal value from digital HRM is a major challenge for most firms. This research adopts a practice lens to investigate how traditional HRM practice elements can constrain digital HRM practices. Findings from an interpretive case study suggest that constrained digital HRM practices emerge because employees and managers are embedded in sticky traditional work practices and not primarily because they are unwilling to adopt digital technologies. Conventional wisdom suggests that the quality of the digital HRM, meeting end-user performance expectations, and managing resistance to change can improve suboptimal digital practices. We propose that digital HRM transformation efforts should also change outdated routines rather than focusing only on technology improvements and individual behavioral change. The authors propose a model that explains stickiness in digital HRM practices and offers recommendations for HR practitioners to reduce stickiness.
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    Learning What you Really, Really Want: Towards a Conceptual Framework of New Learning in the Digital Work Environment
    ( 2022-01-04) Decius, Julian ; Kortsch, Timo ; Paulsen, Hilko ; Schmitz, Anja
    Digitization and globalization are leading to changing demands in the world of work. To cope with these, employees must constantly learn and develop. Analogous to the New Work movement, the future of learning seems to belong to New Learning, in which protean and empowered learners pursue learning opportunities to achieve subjectively valuable learning outcomes and personal growth. This meaningful and socially-embedded kind of learning enables learners to learn what they really, really want to learn. In the literature, however, there is a lack of models and theories on New Learning. The present paper introduces a conceptual framework of New Learning building on psychological theories in terms of a causal chain whose ten propositions can be empirically examined in future studies. An important premise is that, in addition to personal characteristics of the learner, the socio-technical environment and (digital) tools and methods play an important role for New Learning. The paper concludes by setting a future research agenda and discussing the practical implications of New Learning.
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    How well did I do? The effect of feedback on affective commitment in the context of microwork
    ( 2022-01-04) Staiger, Anna-Maria ; Schmidt, Johannes ; Von Der Oelsnitz, Dietrich
    Crowdwork is a relatively new form of platform-mediated and paid online work that creates different types of relationships between all parties involved. This paper focuses on the crowdworker-requester relationship and investigates how the option of receiving feedback impacts the affective commitment of microworkers. An online vignette experiment (N= 145) on a German crowdworking platform was conducted. We found that the integration of feedback options within the task description influences the affective commitment positively toward the requester as well as the perceived requester attractiveness.
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    Dissection of AI Job Advertisements: A Text Mining-based Analysis of Employee Skills in the Disciplines Computer Vision and Natural Language Processing
    ( 2022-01-04) Kortum, Henrik ; Rebstadt, Jonas ; Thomas, Oliver
    Human capital is a well discussed topic in information system research. In order for companies to develop and use IT artifacts, they need specialized employees. This is especially the case when complex technologies, such as artificial intelligence, are used. Two major fields of artificial intelligence are computer vision (CV) and natural language processing (NLP). In this paper skills and know-how required for CV and NLP specialists are analyzed and compared from a job market perspective. For this purpose, we utilize a text mining-based analysis pipeline to dissect job advertisements for artificial intelligence. In concrete, job advertisements of both sub-disciplines were crawled from a large international online job platform and analyzed using named entity recognition and term vectors. It could be shown that know-how and skills required differ between the two job profiles. There is no general requirement profile of an artificial intelligence specialist, and it requires a differentiated consideration.
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    Digital Nomad Entrepreneurship and Lifestyle Design: A Process Theory
    ( 2022-01-04) Stumpf, T. S. ; Califf, Christopher ; Lancaster, Jaime
    Advances in information technology have led to the emergence of a digital workforce comprised of several types of workers, one such being the digital nomad. There is an opportunity in to expand the IS literature by investigating the entrepreneurial side of digital nomadism. Digital nomad entrepreneurship (DNE) is a growing phenomenon and distinctive approach to life and entrepreneurship. Previous research has tended to focus on either the lifestyle or business-level aspects of DNE. This study uses grounded theory method to investigate the merger of lifestyle and business factors that combine to form how an individual becomes a digital nomad entrepreneur. The findings reveal a model called the “Digital Nomad Entrepreneurship & Lifestyle Design Process”, which is comprised of four conceptual sub-categories: 1). Pre-Day Zero - Lamentation & Discovery, 2). Plugging In - Transition & Acculturation, 3). Just Get Started - 1,000 Messy Days, and 4). The Other Side - Mentality Shifts and Scale Lessons.
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    A Synthesized Perspective on Privacy and Transparency in the Digital Workplace
    ( 2022-01-04) Gierlich-Joas, Maren ; Teebken, Mena ; Hess, Thomas
    The pandemic crisis has made the digitalization of workplaces imperative for many organizations. Besides reorganizing work, rapid advances in technologies also enhance organizational efficiency and enable remote work. Having to work completely digitally imposes unprecedented transparency on employees. A major consequence of the transparent workplace is the emergence of employees’ privacy concerns. Even though the concepts of transparency and privacy are closely related, there is a research gap regarding the relationship between the two. Based on a conceptual approach and a systematic literature review, we postulate a synthesis of transparency and privacy in the digital workplace, and outline directions for future research. We discuss what makes the relationship between the two constructs double-edged by introducing the privacy-transparency paradox. This study therefore adds to the literature on privacy and transparency in the digital workplace and forms the basis for further studies.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on Digitalization of Work
    ( 2022-01-04) Scholz, Tobias ; Hamari, Juho ; Törhönen, Maria ; Mccauley, Brian