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ItemWhy I Retweet? Exploring User’s Perspective on Decision-Making of Information Spreading during Disasters( 2017-01-04)The extensive use of social media during disasters raises an important issue concerning use of social media to spread information, including misinformation. This study explores the underlying behavioral context of disaster information sharing by Twitter users. We conducted a web survey with 999 respondents in Japan to determine what makes people retweet disaster information in disaster situations. As a result of factor analysis, four factors were identified from 36 questions, namely: 1) Willingness to provide relevant and updated information because the information is believable, 2) Want people to know the information they perceive as important, 3) "Retweeter" subjective feelings and interests, and 4) Want to get feedback and alert other people. The results suggest that two of the factors influenced different groups of people in the community differently; however, everybody can play their role to reduce the negative impact of social media used for future disaster. Based on the findings, we discuss practical and design implications of social media use during disasters.
ItemOrchestrating Without Partiture( 2017-01-04)Crisis in and around Ukraine is becoming the first show-case in multilateral diplomacy, where Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS) and other technologies are deployed to produce information for the diplomatic processes of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)and to public at the same time. This has taken place in a very rapid manner without time for descent planning and through learning by doing before and in the middle of the start and development of the crisis special monitoring mission based on the consensus of 57 member states. \ This paper approaches these multi-lateral diplomacy scenes by looking at the work done through two disciplines which “orchestrate”; Social Science and Information Systems. Abbot et al. orchestration theory application into OSCE and to its “Ukraine toolbox” needs more research, in which e.g. IS literature´s socio-technical modeling methods will be helpful in order to bridge recognized gaps from practice and literature. \ Information system researchers and developers are needed in more active roles as intermediaries to complement existing principal-agent e.g. OSCE-RPAS and other ICT vendor relationships. More theoretical and empirical research is needed to make the IGOs’ orchestration to meet what ICT can offer for future crisis diplomacy. \ Keywords: Inter-governmental Organizations (IGOs), orchestration theory, Remotely Piloted Aircraft System (RPAS), multilateral diplomacy, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), information system development, Ukraine Special Monitoring Mission (SMM) \