Social-Technical Issues in Organizational Information Technologies

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    Are Women Affinity Groups Enough to Solve the Retention Problem of Women in the IT Workforce?
    ( 2018-01-03) Annabi, Hala ; Tari, Mina
    Women Affinity Groups (WAGs) are the most prevalent diversity and inclusion (D&I) intervention method utilized in the Information Technology industry (IT) to improve the participation of women. Ninety three percent of organizations surveyed in the Mercer Global Equality report indicated having WAGs and relying on them to carry out D&I goals. Like many other D&I interventions, the effectiveness of WAGs has not previously been examined. As the IT field continues to invest in programs such as WAGs to improve the participation of women in its workforce, it is pertinent to assess the D&I interventions deployed in order to ensure their effectiveness. This paper utilizes the "Organizational Interventions Mitigating Individual Barriers" framework which examines the characteristics of WAGs in order to determine their potential opportunities and limitations to enhance participation of women in IT.
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    Role of IT Management and the Dynamics Behind IT Business Value Creation - A Longitudinal Assessment
    ( 2018-01-03) Dahlberg, Tomi ; Dahlberg, Tomi ; Kivijärvi, Hannu
    In this study, we investigated how "good" IT management with its linkages to other factors influence IT business value (ITBV). First, we identified potential model constructs, then hypothesized about the relationships between the constructs and finally integrated the hypotheses into a research model. We empirically probed the hypotheses and our dynamic research model. We used survey data of 642 responses collected with annual surveys from CxOs during the years 2013, 2014 and 2015. Empirical results confirmed that the research model factors affected IT business value positively. The perceived importance of IT was discovered to be an antecedent to IT management. Both these constructs were detected to influence IT business value indirectly through the other model constructs. As a feedback, the perceived importance of IT depends strongly on IT business value.
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    What Is Digital Organizational Culture? Insights From Exploratory Case Studies
    ( 2018-01-03) Duerr, Sebastian ; Holotiuk, Friedrich ; Wagner, Heinz-Theo ; Beimborn, Daniel ; Weitzel, Tim
    Whilst Information Systems research has focused on how products, processes, and organizations have to be transformed in the digital age, we know little about how and why the organizational culture of firms needs to be -˜digitalized’. Drawing on the organizational culture model by Edgar Schein, we analyze data from eleven cases across various industries to identify the facets of digitalizing firms’ organizational cultures. Specifically, we explore their Artifacts, Espoused Beliefs and Values, and Underlying Assumptions. Our study contributes by delineating a -˜digital organizational culture’ that underpins the motivation for firms to digitalize.
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    Design Recommendations for Web-based Career Guidance Platforms - Let Young Women Experience IT Careers!
    ( 2018-01-03) Paukstadt, Ute ; Bergener, Katrin ; Becker, Jörg ; Dahl, Valerie ; Denz, Cornelia ; Zeisberg, Inga
    Despite a variety of intervention programs in the western society over the last decades, still too few young women are interested in an information technology (IT) career. While looking for career information and guidance, young women consult family and friends but also the internet. Although there is already a plethora of career information websites, those are seldom tailored to the interests of young women. To address the IT-gender gap with the design of a platform that appeals to the needs of the target group, we firstly analyzed existing German websites for career information and guidance. The analysis was framed by literature on women’s IT career choice barriers. Secondly, we evaluated selected websites with focus groups of female students. Finally, we present design recommendations to enhance web-based career information and guidance platforms for young women to raise their interest in IT-related careers.
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    When Competence Matters - Professionals with Disabilities in the ICT Sector
    ( 2018-01-03) Mononen, Jukka ; Häyrynen, Eija ; Halonen, Raija
    The objective of this study was to analyze the full-time careers of 21 highly educated persons with a physical and/or sensory disability (PWD). We focused on factors in the early phases of the PWD’s careers after graduation, as well as their work orientations within the information and communication technology (ICT) sector. Data were gathered using semi-structured interviews. In this qualitative research, inductive content analysis was used. The study revealed the importance of two types of competence: the ability to create networks and technical expertise at the beginning of one’s career. We also classified five work orientations: novice, technical, research, management, and entrepreneur. Difficulties relat¬ed to disability or gender made no difference in these orientations.