Balancing the Promises and Perils of Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: Disruption, Adoption, Dehumanisation, Governance, Risk and Compliance

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    Tracing the Legitimacy of Artificial Intelligence – A Media Analysis, 1980-2020
    ( 2022-01-04) Korneeva, Ekaterina ; Salge, Torsten Oliver
    Artificial Intelligence (AI) has received ambivalent evaluations, ranging from AI as a great opportunity and solution to crucial problems of our time to AI as a threat to humanity. For AI technologies to diffuse, they need to gain legitimacy. We trace the legitimacy of AI in society from 1980 to 2020. For our analysis, we rely on 2,543 newspaper articles from The New York Times as a reflection of societal discourse over the legitimacy of AI. Using computer-assisted content analysis, we find a sharp increase in media coverage around the mid-2010s. We find the language used in the articles to be predominantly positive and to show little changes over time. Our analysis also uncovers six highly discussed industries in the context of AI.
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    Perceived Social Media Bias, Social Identity Threat, and Conspiracy Theory Ideation During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    ( 2022-01-04) Craig, Kevin ; Sadovykh , Valeria
    Social media organizations have an obligation to filter and sometimes exclude content, often based on machine learning algorithms. This has resulted in perceptions of bias in social media. When individuals perceive that a social media system is designed to exclude their point of view, they may experience a loss of self-worth, based on their excluded point of view. As a result, they may resist and avoid the technology that seems biased against them to prevent further loss of self-worth. They might also believe in conspiracies about why social media is marginalizing their point of view and find new self-worth as a conspiracy theorist. Data from 225 individuals who are interested in the risks associated with vaccines indicate that Perceived Bias presents a Social Identity Threat, which, in turn, is associated with Resistance to IT and Conspiracy Theorist Ideation.
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