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ItemMergers and Acquisitions - Elaborating Factors for Enterprise Interoperability in an ERP context( 2022-01-04)In this paper, the authors discussed Enterprise Interoperability (EI) in Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) transactions focusing on ERP systems. Essential connections to practice are drawn through a discussion of use cases with experts from the fields of M&A, IT, and ERP. The research questions are defined as: What are the core influencing factors determining interoperability profiles? What will the future look like regarding the ERP dimension? Based on eleven experts and qualitative content analysis, relevant findings on EI implementation scenarios are extracted. There are different approaches to achieve Enterprise Interoperability, depending on the context of the M&A transaction. Finally, the crucial decision factors are given in the findings and show the future development of ERP systems integrations. Current results suggest that fast and easy EI is a critical requirement to meet the increasing need for flexibility and ERP systems are at the core of these developments.
ItemFog and Edge Oriented Embedded Enterprise Systems Patterns: Towards Distributed Enterprise Systems That Run on Edge and Fog Nodes( 2022-01-04)Enterprise software systems enable enterprises to enhance business and management reporting tasks in enterprise settings. Internet of Things (IoT) focuses on making interactions possible between a number of network-connected physical devices. Prominence of IoT sensors and multiple business drivers have created a contemporary need for enterprise software systems to interact with IoT devices. Business process implementations, business logic and microservices have traditionally been centralized in enterprise systems. Constraints like privacy, latency, bandwidth, connectivity and security have posed a new set of architectural challenges that can be resolved by designing enterprise systems differently so that parts of business logic and processes can run on fog and edge devices to improve privacy, minimize communication bandwidth and promote low-latency business process execution. This paper aims to propose a set of patterns for the expansion of previously-centralized enterprise systems to the edge of the network. Patterns are supported by a case study for contextualization and analysis.
ItemA Complex Adaptive Systems View of Digital Ecodynamics for Business Performance among Manufacturing SMEs( 2022-01-04)Taking a complex adaptive systems approach, this paper investigates the different configurations of digital ecodynamics – IT capabilities, dynamic capabilities, and environmental conditions – associated to high levels of business performance in manufacturing SMEs. Results from a fuzzy-set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) of 126 manufacturing SMEs show that, as expected from our theoretical development, these firms attain high business performance when they dispose of at least one IT capability and one dynamic capability. More specifically, IT capabilities for innovation and flexibility along with dynamic capabilities for coordination and integration are necessary for high business performance since they appear in all high-performing configurations. Our study contributes to information systems research by taking a holistic approach to the IT capability-performance link in the specific context of SMEs.