The Diffusion, Impacts, Adoption and Usage of ICTs upon Society and Small Enterprises

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    The Antecedents and Consequences of Legitimate Corporate Participation in the DarkNet: A Preliminary Model
    ( 2021-01-05) Kenny, David ; Fox, Grace ; Sinclair, Gary ; Lynn, Theo
    The DarkNet is a purposefully hidden collection of disconnected web sites that are not indexed by conventional or mainstream search engines, are not accessible by conventional means, and requires specialised software, specific knowledge, and authorisation to gain access. While typically associated with illegality and criminality, there are an increasing number of legitimate organizations active on the DarkNet. While explored widely in Computer Science, Humanities and Social Science, Engineering and Medicine, there is a paucity of research in the business and IS disciplines. The objective of this paper is to introduce the DarkNet and DarkNet Commerce, summarise extant business and IS research, albeit limited, and outline a proposed model to explore a previously unexplored relationship in the business and IS literature, namely the antecedents and consequences of the participation of legitimate organisations on the DarkNet.
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    Shifting Micro-Enterprises into the Cloud: Guidelines for Cloud Service Providers
    ( 2021-01-05) Hentschel, Raoul ; Bley, Katja ; Schön, Hendrik
    Cloud computing is a driving force in digitalization, and it promises companies benefits such as lower entry costs, greater flexibility/scalability, and cost savings compared to traditional IT solutions. Such benefits can also be valuable for micro-enterprises. However, many of these small businesses do not have access to the necessary know-how and resources to select, implement, and operate cloud technologies. As sources of these technologies, cloud service providers play a crucial role in this context as it is their business strategy that can support and convince micro-enterprises to adopt cloud technologies. As the class of micro-enterprises and the role of cloud service providers has been largely ignored in recent research, we conducted a quantitative study on the cloud computing user behavior of micro-enterprises in Germany. Based on our findings, we derived guidelines and recommendations for cloud service providers concerning the adaptation of their business strategies to adequately address the needs of micro-enterprises.
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    Pressuring trading partners to adopt a business-to-business connectivity platform – stick or carrot?
    ( 2021-01-05) Penttinen, Esko ; Rinta-Kahila, Tapani ; Sihvonen, Jukka
    The paper examines the impact of external pressure in the act of onboarding trading partners to business-to-business (B2B) connectivity platforms. Articulating different forms of external pressure (enticement and enforcement) and drawing on a survey of 121 organizations, it examines the effect of three enticement factors and three enforcement factors on firms’ decision to adopt a B2B connectivity platform. In general, enforcement measures (“sticks”) were found to be more effective than enticement (“carrots”). Two exceptions are presented: enticement works better than enforcement in persuading organizations with high invoicing intensity or heavy use of cloud technologies. The authors discuss the overall finding and theorize in light of the empirical study’s context, wherein the platform generates asymmetric benefits to the trading partners (i.e., an organization receiving the transaction document delivered through the B2B connectivity platform harnesses most of the benefits). The findings’ implications for research and practice are considered.
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    Older Professionals’ Adaptation to New Information Technologies: A Study in the Context of Non-Standard Employment
    ( 2021-01-05) Niesel, Christoph ; Nili, Alireza
    Modern workplaces are increasingly reliant on information technologies (IT), which have begun to profoundly affect the technological adaptation behaviors of older workers. Despite globally increasing levels of professional older adult workforce participation and workplace technology use, research in this space is only emerging, particularly in the context of non-standard employment (NSE), work falling outside traditional labor agreements, increasingly adopted by older workers. Using the Self Determination Theory, this qualitative work aims to understand the factors that contribute to professional older workers adaptation to new ITs in NSE. We propose a theoretical framework to explain our findings, suggesting that older professionals’ adaptation to new ITs in NSE are motivated by competence, relatedness and autonomy and moderated by perceived occupational value, IT support, IT-based frustration and generational differences. Our findings offer a comprehensive understanding of motivational dynamics in our research phenomena.
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    Mindful Adaptation of Technology (MAT) in Extreme Research Contexts: A Theoretical Proposal
    ( 2021-01-05) Matthews, Michael ; Sun, Heshan
    With the advent of the COVID-19 pandemic, information system researchers have begun to explore ways in which information technology artifacts have meaning within the context of this seismic event. Within this manuscript, we develop a new concept, namely: mindful adaptation of technology (MAT), and build a research model of it, based on event systems theory, coping theory, and mindfulness research. We theoretically position this multi-faceted construct of MAT within existing models and demonstrate its novelty and utility for understanding technological adaptation in response to extreme research contexts. We conclude with theoretical implications and direction for future research.