Three New Labrid Fishes of the Genus Coris from the Western Pacific

Randall, John E.
Kuiter, Rudie H.
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University of Hawai'i Press
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Three new species of the labrid fish genus Caris are described: C. pictoides from Malaysia, Celebes, and eastern and western Australia; C. aurilineata from southern Queensland and New South Wales; and C. bulbifrons from Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island, Middleton Reef, and, rarely, New South Wales. Caris pictoides is a small species (largest, 89 mm SL) distinctive in having 48-51 lateral-line scales and in being whitish with a broad black stripe from snout through eye, along upper side of body, ending in upper central part of caudal fin, this stripe separated by a narrow white band from a middorsal black stripe. Caris aurilineata is also a small species (largest, 98 mm SL) with a low (49-51) lateral-line scale count; it is green with orange-yellow stripes which are narrow dorsally and relatively broad ventrally; a small blackish spot is present at upper base ofcaudal fin and another at upper base of pectoral fin; females have a large elliptical blue-edged black spot basally in soft portion of dorsal fin. Caris bulbifrons is the largest species of Caris, reaching a length of about 1 m; it has 61-66 lateral-line scales; juveniles have irregular, broad, dark-brown stripes alternating with narrow pale, partially broken bands; adults are bluish gray; both sexes develop a prominent convexity in the upper head profile anterodorsal to the eye. This has given rise to the common name "doubleheader" at Lord Howe Island.
Randall JE, Kuiter RH. 1982. Three new labrid fishes of the genus Coris from the Western Pacific. Pac Sci 36(2): 159-173.
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