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Interactional Functions of Demonstratives in Korean and Japanese Conversation.

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Title:Interactional Functions of Demonstratives in Korean and Japanese Conversation.
Authors:Kim, Ok S.
Contributors:East Asian Lang & Lit-Korean (department)
interactional functions
Date Issued:May 2018
Publisher:University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Abstract:This study explores the use of Korean and Japanese demonstratives in casual speech,
focusing on their interactional functions. Based on Strauss’s (2002) concept of focus, which
suggests that the primary functions of demonstratives are related to the addressee’s attention to
the referent, this study explores how Korean and Japanese speakers employ demonstratives to
draw the addressee’s attention more or less emphatically. The study also investigates factors that
affect the choice of demonstrative and emphasizes the intertwined nature of grammar and human
interaction. For comparative analysis, all demonstrative forms found in my data were divided
into four reference types, exophoric, anaphoric, cataphoric, and nonphoric, and these reference
types are further divided according to morphosyntactic category when necessary.
The study’s findings suggest that the choice of demonstrative in Korean and Japanese is
not determined solely by the degree of attention the speaker wishes to elicit, but influenced by
other factors that emerge in the course of interaction. It also illustrates that each demonstrative
form signals meaning differently according to its reference types. The interactional meaning of
each demonstrative has various sources, including the form’s anaphoric function, the speaker’s
emotional stance, the speaker’s reliance on the addressee while searching for a referent (i.e.,
interpersonal involvement), and socially motivated factors, as well as the morphosyntactic
categories of the demonstrative forms, which vary by language.
Description:Ph.D. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2018.
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - East Asian Languages and Literatures (Korean)

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