Volume 13 : Language Documentation & Conservation

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    Language documentation in the aftermath of the 2015 Nepal earthquakes: A guide to two archives and a web exhibit
    (University of Hawaii Press, 2019-12) Hildebrandt, Kristine ; Burge-Beckley, Tanner ; Sebok, Jacob
    We describe two institutionally related archives and an online exhibit representing a set of Tibeto-Burman languages of Nepal. These archives and exhibit were built to house materials resulting from documentation of twelve Tibeto-Burman languages in the aftermath of the 2015 Nepal earthquakes. This account includes a detailed discussion of the different materials recorded, and how they were prepared for the collections. This account also provides a comparison of the two different types of archives, the different but complementary functions they serve, and a discussion of the role that online exhibits can play in the context of language documentation archives.
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    Domain change and ethnolinguistic vitality: Evidence from the fishing lexicon of Loloan Malay
    (University of Hawaii Press, 2019-11) Sosiowati, I Gusti Ayu Gde ; Arka, I Wayan ; Aryawibawa, I Nyoman ; Widiastuti, Ni Made Ayu
    This paper reports a study on the vitality of the fishing lexicon in Loloan Malay. The study was aimed at finding the nature and pattern of domain change, its intergenerational transmission, and its significance for overall ethnolinguistic vitality. The data were collected from a representative group of fishermen through tests that were complemented by interviews. A simple quantitative analysis was undertaken to discover patterns of change, and the ethnographic method was also used to augment the analysis. This study contributes to the sociolinguistic research on language vitality, contact-induced change, and the endangerment of minority languages. The findings reveal a surprising paradox. Although it is still considered to have high cultural importance, the fishing domain is critically endangered. It is argued that the low vitality of the fishing domain does not affect the vitality of the Loloan Malay language in general. The reason is that the linguistic ideology that underpins the group identity of Loloan Malay at the macro-societal level is not tied to fishing, but rather, to religion. This paper also discusses the complexity of the variables involved in domain change, particularly the extra-linguistic factors that contribute to the changes in the fishing domain due to modern socio-economic and technological progress.
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    Language names and nonlinguists: A response to Haspelmath
    (University of Hawaii Press, 2019-10) Dryer, Matthew S.
    Haspelmath (2017) proposes a set of principles governing language names. I discuss various issues with his proposals centering around the fact that Haspelmath does not give sufficient consideration for the need for linguists to consider the use of names by nonlinguists in choosing names.
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    Language revitalization, video, and mobile social media: A case study from the Khroskyabs language amongst Tibetans in China
    (University of Hawaii Press, 2019-10) Lhawa, Yulha
    Technology is by no means the most important channel to maintain a language, but it is an effective mode to communicate and interact using the language. As the lives of Khroskyabs speakers continue to be modernized, fewer and fewer aspects of those lives will take place in Khroskyabs. Furthermore, Khroskyabs speakers tend to express negative attitudes towards their language, especially in comparison to the dominant national language – Mandarin – and the local prestige language – Tibetan. The Mothertongue Film on Mobile Social Media project aims to expand the Khroskyabs language into a new domain amongst its speakers by creating a series of videos in the language and sharing them on social media-WeChat. The emerging use of social media such as WeChat provides a platform for language use in the contemporary context for unrecognized and under-resourced languages like Khroskyabs. This project aimed to address these issues, of domain exclusion and negative attitudes, through the production of mobile digital media that can be freely and conveniently shared via the social media platform WeChat for consumption of people in the Khroskyabs-speaking community.
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    Public access to research data in language documentation: Challenges and possible strategies
    (University of Hawaii Press, 2019-10) Seyfeddinipur, Mandana ; Ameka, Felix ; Bolton, Lissant ; Blumtritt, Jonathan ; Carpenter, Brian ; Cruz, Hilaria ; Drude, Sebastian ; Epps, Patience L. ; Ferreira, Vera ; Galucio, Ana Vilacy ; Hellwig, Brigit ; Hinte, Oliver ; Holton, Gary ; Jung, Dagmar ; Buddeberg, Irmgarda Kasinskaite ; Krifka, Manfred ; Kung, Susan ; Monroig, Miyuki ; Neba, Ayu'nwi Ngwabe ; Nordhoff, Sebastian ; Pakendorf, Brigitte ; von Prince, Kilu ; Rau, Felix ; Rice, Keren ; Riessler, Michael ; Szoelloesi Brenig, Vera ; Thieberger, Nick ; Trilsbeek, Paul ; van der Voort, Hein ; Woodbury, Tony
    The Open Access Movement promotes free and unfettered access to research publications and, increasingly, to the primary data which underly those publications. As the field of documentary linguistics seeks to record and preserve culturally and linguistically relevant materials, the question of how openly accessible these materials should be becomes increasingly important. This paper aims to guide researchers and other stakeholders in finding an appropriate balance between accessibility and confidentiality of data, addressing community questions and legal, institutional, and intellectual issues that pose challenges to accessible data.