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Quantity and diversity of informal digital learning of English

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Title:Quantity and diversity of informal digital learning of English
Authors:Lee, Ju Seong
Keywords:Informal Digital Learning of English
Quantity Versus Diversity
English Learning Outcomes
EFL Korean Students
Date Issued:01 Feb 2019
Publisher:National Foreign Language Resource Center (NFLRC) at the University of Hawaii at Manoa||Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning (COERLL) at the University of Texas at Austin
Citation:Lee, J. S. (2019). Quantity and diversity of informal digital learning of English. Language
Learning & Technology, 23(1), 114–126.
Abstract:While research on informal digital learning of English (IDLE) increases in the fields of teaching English to speakers of other languages and computer-assisted language learning, few studies have examined the relationship between quantity and diversity of IDLE practices and different language learning outcomes. To address this gap, data were collected through one questionnaire, six English learning outcomes, and a semi-structured interview from 71 Korean English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) university students. Hierarchical linear regression analyses showed that IDLE Quantity, Age, and Major were significant predictors of two affective variables (Confidence and Enjoyment), while IDLE Diversity and Major were significantly predictive of productive language outcomes (Speaking and Productive V ocabulary Knowledge), scores in a standardized English test (TOEIC), and one affective variable (Lack of Anxiety). These results revealed how IDLE quantity and diversity can make a unique contribution to EFL learners’ English outcomes.
Appears in Collections: Volume 23 Number 1, February 2019 Special Issue: CALL in the Digital Wilds

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