IT Enabled Collaboration for Development

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    Does Daily Travel Pattern Disclose People’s Preference?
    ( 2018-01-03) Gan, Mingxin ; Gao, Ling ; Han, Yang
    Existing studies normally focus on extracting temporal or periodical patterns of people’s daily travel for location based services. However, people’s characteristics and preference are actually paid much more attention by business. Therefore, how to capture characteristics from their daily travel patterns, is an interesting question. In order to address the research question, we first develop two basic measures in terms of repetitiveness of travel and then two advanced measures, to capture people’s activity of daily travel, and the colorfulness of lifestyle, respectively. Incorporating historical trajectories, with real-time positions from a location-based social network (LBSN), i.e. Foursquare, we conduct statistical analysis for people’s travel patterns in US cities. Finally, we illustrate people’s profiles of travel patterns and lifestyles. Results show that people’s preference can be inferred from the developed activity and colorfulness measures. Those findings demonstrate that proposed measures are supposed to be effectively adopted for researchers on travel pattern analysis and preference analysis, and further give suggestions to individuals for location-based decision making.
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    Can Process Facilitation Improve Globally Distributed Collaboration? An Action Design Research
    ( 2018-01-03) Cheng, Xusen ; Fu, Shixuan ; Huang, Jianqing ; de Vreede, Gert-Jan
    Distributed collaborators still face problems to organize, to coordinate, and to build consensus. Collaboration tools still have difficulty to configure, to use, and to help facilitate collaboration management. In this study, we conducted an action design research on Company A that relies on distributed collaboration for their business activities. Based on the design theory of collaboration engineering, we designed a process facilitation support application to address the problems identified from Company A with real organizational problems. After rounds of iteration, we proposed two artifacts including facilitated collaboration process and collaborative tools for applications of process guidance. Findings suggest the benefits of facilitated process guidance on globally distributed collaboration. The results of survey show consistently high satisfaction towards the tool and process guidance from the employees. Our research serves as an exploratory investigation in the field of distributed collaboration, and provides evidence regarding the organizational challenges in a business context.
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    The Role of Collaboration between Incumbent Firms and Start-ups on Customers' Adoption of Digital Innovation
    ( 2018-01-03) Islam, Nihal ; Buxmann, Peter
    Due to growing hyper-competition, firms need to create digital innovation in order to remain competitive in the digital era. While start-ups are known as a major source of creativity because they use new technologies to develop digital innovations, incumbent firms are beginning to address the opportunities and challenges of digitalization. Against this backdrop, incumbent firms have become interested in collaborating with start-ups in order to create digital innovation in co-development and offer it to customers. However, insights into costumers' subjective stance towards adoption regarding digital innovation that is marketed by incumbent firms and start-ups are absent in the existing research. In light of this, we have analyzed this field based on a qualitative study with 16 interviews with customers. With our results, we contribute to the literature and provide practitioners with valuable insights into how collaboration between incumbent firms and start-ups should be presented to customers of digital innovations.
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    Operational Mechanism of Digital Humanistic Crowdsourcing Project Based on Actor Network Theory
    ( 2018-01-03) Xu, Xiaojuan ; Gao, Hui ; Sun, Jianshan ; Wang, Cuicui ; Xu, Wei
    This article is to promote the development of digital humanity-related crowdsourcing projects based on actor network theory (ANT). A case study on "Shengxuanhuai Documents" from Shanghai Library is selected as our research object. The article employs qualitative research approach to investigate core concepts, namely Problematization, Obligatory Passage Point, Interestment, and Mobilisation involved in the underway of the digital humanity-related crowdsourcing project. This study conducts interviews with 32 respondents, including the 10 contractees and 22 users. The crowdsourcing actors in humanity-related projects are mainly the organizers from public libraries, museums, archives, and other digital humanity institutions. Based on the project development documents and semi-structured interview data, we find that the main obstacles to prevent actors engaging in crowdsourcing projects include task guidance, user motivations, platform designs, and competition evaluations. The paper demonstrates the usefulness of ANT’s concepts and explores the contribution of each ANT analytical concept.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on IT Enabled Collaboration for Development
    ( 2018-01-03) Cheng, Xusen ; Yan, Xiangbin ; Bajwa, Deepinder