Woods, Roberta Freeland (Retired Faculty)

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    From Federated Search to the Universal Search Solution
    (The Serials Librarian, 2010) Woods, Roberta F.
    This presentation detailed an investigation by law librarians at Franklin Pierce Law Center Library of the viability of federated search and enterprise search to meet the needs of law library patrons. The results of the investigation revealed that federated search products could not answer the needs of law libraries to provide a single search box with a single, integrated result set because it has a fundamental flaw-it searches in real time. Neither could enterprise search solutions like the Google Search Appliance. With the backing of the New England Law Library Consortium (NEUCO) and a two-year leadership grant from the Institute for Museum and Library Services (!MIS), a committee composed of law librarians from law schools throughout New England, a vendor representative, and a development partner, IndexData, created the Universal Search Solution (USS). The USS is an opensource, standards-based, single search box solution for law libraries that may ultimately guide all libraries in similar pursuits.
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    Analytical Search Strategies: A Tip Sheet with Examples for Teachers and Students
    (Perspectives: Teaching Legal Res. & Writing, 2016) Woods, Roberta Freeland
    An analytical search strategy is not browsing. Browsing is opportunistic and requires one to recognize relevant information. So, browsing, in general, is not a strategy so much as it is an informal and interactive process, like scanning a result set for relevant information. Analytical strategies, on the other hand, require careful planning, but the result sets lead one to a certain level of confidence in the thoroughness of the research.
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    Innocent until Primed: Mock Jurors’ Racially Biased Response to the Presumption of Innocence
    (PLOS ONE, 2014-03-18) Young, Danielle M. ; Levinson, Justin ; Sinnett, Scott
    Background: Research has shown that crime concepts can activate attentional bias to Black faces. This study investigates the possibility that some legal concepts hold similar implicit racial cues. Presumption of innocence instructions, a core legal principle specifically designed to eliminate bias, may instead serve as an implicit racial cue resulting in attentional bias. Methodology/Principal findings: The experiment was conducted in a courtroom with participants seated in the jury box. Participants first watched a video of a federal judge reading jury instructions that contained presumption of innocence instructions, or matched length alternative instructions. Immediately following this video a dot-probe task was administered to assess the priming effect of the jury instructions. Presumption of innocence instructions, but not the alternative instructions, led to significantly faster response times to Black faces when compared with White faces. Conclusions/Significance: These findings suggest that the core principle designed to ensure fairness in the legal system actually primes attention for Black faces, indicating that this supposedly fundamental protection could trigger racial stereotypes.
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    A Well-Reasoned Opinion? Critical Analysis of the First Case Against the Alleged Senior Leaders of the Khmer Rouge (Case 002/01)
    (Honolulu: East-West Center, 2015) Cohen, David ; Hyde, Melanie ; Van Tuyl, Penelope ; Fung, Stephanie
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    Keeping the Faith: A Study of Freedom of Thought, Conscience, and Religion in ASEAN
    (Human Rights Resource Centre, 2015) Cohen, David ; Tan, Kevin
    It is with great pleasure that I present to you the Human Rights Resource Centre’s fourth ASEAN-wide study, “Keeping the Faith: A Study of Freedom of Thought, Conscience and Religion in ASEAN”. Taking as its inspiration Article 22 of the ASEAN Human Rights Declaration, through which ASEAN governments have committed to eliminat“all forms of intolerance, discrimination and incitement of hatred based on religion and beliefs”, the study seeks to capture the legal landscape pertaining to freedom of thought,conscience and religion in ASEAN. It also hopes to assist ASEAN Member States in working toward an agreed policy response in their implementation of this provision. By providing an overview of state practice on the freedom of thought, conscience, and religion across the region, and considering serious issues of religious persecution and conflict that pose a challenge to regional peace and stability, the Centre aims to contribute to an ongoing dialogue amongst civil society organizations, academia and government about how best to diffuse tensions amongst different religious groups as well as to foster greater understanding and acceptance of different religions and belief systems amongst ASEAN peoples. Religions and beliefs are both important identity markers within ASEAN, and ones which continue to provide a wealth of ideas and ways of seeing the world to flourish within the ASEAN community. It is our hope that through this study the Centre can further contribute toward that flourishing. This study would not have been possible without the guidance and support from our team of expert advisors and editors, Professor David Cohen of the WSD HANDA Center for Human Rights andInternational Justice, Professor Kevin Tan from the National University of Singapore, Professor Tore Lindholm, Professor Emeritus of the Norwegian Centre for Human Rights, and Professors Cole Durham and Brett Scharffs from the International Center for Law and Religion Studies (ICLRS) at Brigham Young University. Our highest appreciation also goes to Dr. Jaclyn Neo, Lead Researcher on the study, and the outstanding country rapporteurs and research assistants. Once again, the study gathered both established and up and coming scholars from our research network. Last but not least, we would like to express our gratitude to the Norwegian Embassy in Jakarta for their support in this endeavour.