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ItemVolunteered Drone Imagery: Challenges and constraints to the development of an open shared image repository( 2017-01-04)Orthorectified imagery is valuable for a wide range of initiatives including environmental change detection, planning, and disaster response. Obtaining aerial imagery at high temporal and spatial scale has traditionally been expensive. Due to lower costs and improved ease of use, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have been increasingly prevalent. This presents an opportunity to share images as part of participatory geographic information systems initiatives similar to OpenStreetMap. We outline a workflow to generate maps from UAV aerial images. We then present a characterization of software platforms currently available to aid the development of maps from UAV imagery, defined by type of service, whether imagery hosting or data processing. From this analysis, we identify existing barriers to imagery sharing, including data licensing, data quality, and user engagement.
ItemUnderstanding the Valuation of Location Privacy: a Crowdsourcing-Based Approach( 2017-01-04)The exchange of private information for services or other benefits is a commonplace practice today in the advent of mobile technology. In the case of mobile services, the exchanged commodity is increasingly often spatial location of the user. To decide whether this transaction is beneficial, the user needs to evaluate the exchange value of this commodity. To assess the value users give to their location, and to understand its relationship with location sharing, we conducted a study on a mobile crowdsourcing platform (N=190). We find that users' valuation of location privacy is dependent on the sharing scenario. For instance, when the location is to be shared with an untrusted advertiser, the users require a premium as compensation for their information. Additionally, benefit perception and trust are found to be connected with more frequent location sharing, while perceived risks and privacy concern are associated with sharing one’s location less frequently.
ItemIntroduction to Digital Location Minitrack( 2017-01-04)