ICT-enabled Self-management of Chronic Diseases and Conditions

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    The Effectiveness of Social Media-Enabled Patient Communities on Health Goal Attainment: An Approach of Survival Analysis
    ( 2018-01-03) Song, Jiahe ; Xu, Pei
    Health goal striving activities are a major part of the daily lives of those fighting chronic diseases. In this study, we are interested in understanding the effectiveness of social media-enabled online patient communities on the outcome of health goal striving endeavor - health goal attainment. Applying social cognitive theory, we study the antecedents of health goal attainment from the respects of social support and self-reflection in online patient communities. We apply Survival Analysis to a data set of patients’ interactions and their health goal progress from a leading online patient community. Our findings show that emotional social support can increase patients’ chance to achieve their goals while informational social support does not appear to be effective. In addition, health-related self-reflection increases online patients’ likelihood of goal attainment, but leisure-oriented self-reflection negatively affects the possibility.
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    SHARPP Games for the Education Prevention and Reversion of Chronic Diseases
    ( 2018-01-03) Chung, Claris Yee Seung ; Sundaram, David
    Prevalence of chronic diseases has become a serious problem in our society. These illnesses are commonly caused by dietary and lifestyle risk factors and are hard to cure completely. However, behavioral changes such as adopting a healthy diet and lifestyle are effective in reducing chronic conditions. In this research, we propose to build games that could support the Sustainable transformation of chronic patients in a Holistic and Adaptable manner using Real-time, Precise, and Persuasive (SHARPP) principles, processes, systems, and technologies. This research leverages wearable information technologies and chronic disease studies to design games that interweave virtual worlds with the real world. It not only supports patients to form healthy habits that prevent and revert chronic diseases but also helps individuals to balance various life dimensions.
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    Certainty Modeling of a Decision Support System for Mobile Monitoring of Exercise-induced Respiratory Conditions
    ( 2018-01-03) Uwaoma, Chinazunwa ; Mansingh, Gunjan
    Mobile health systems in recent times, have notably improved the healthcare sector by empowering patients to actively participate in their health, and by facilitating access to healthcare professionals. Effective operation of these mobile systems nonetheless, requires high level of intelligence and expertise implemented in the form of decision support systems (DSS). However, common challenges in the implementation include generalization and reliability, due to the dynamics and incompleteness of information presented to the inference models. In this paper, we advance the use of ad hoc mobile decision support system to monitor and detect triggers and early symptoms of respiratory distress provoked by strenuous physical exertion. The focus is on the application of certainty theory to model inexact reasoning by the mobile monitoring system. The aim is to develop a mobile tool to assist patients in managing their conditions, and to provide objective clinical data to aid physicians in the screening, diagnosis, and treatment of the respiratory ailments. We present the proposed model architecture and then describe an application scenario in a clinical setting. We also show implementation of an aspect of the system that enables patients in the self-management of their conditions.
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    WANTED! - Virtual Coach for People with Thorny Diseases
    ( 2018-01-03) Halonen, Raija ; Sävenstedt, Stefan ; Hartvigsen, Gunnar ; Abächerli, Roger ; Jääskeläinen, Erika ; Synnes, Kåre
    The main objective of this study was to propose a concept for a virtual coach to be used by people who suffer from costly and challenging diseases such as dementia, depression, diabetes and cardiac related issues, and by their caretakers presenting healthcare service providers or family members of the people suffering from the named diseases. Those listed diseases form almost an unbearable burden for individual persons, their next-of-kin, and those providing health services. The construction of the concept was based on earlier knowledge, and guidelines proposed for design science research were applied. The proposed concept is to sketch a virtual coach that utilizes sensor-based data and written diaries, and that helps patients and their caretakers to get accurate and individual information to support everyday life and healthcare.
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