2008

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    Better Schools = Smarter Kids: Architecture Can Improve Education in Hawaii
    ( 2008-05) Davis, Tanya ; Leineweber, Spencer ; Architecture
    Hawaii's school children consistently perform poorly when compared to children across the United States. The facilities in which they spend a majority of their time may have a huge impact on their ability to learn. Many public elementary schools in Hawaiÿi are not sustainable, are architecturally uninspiring and are a mismatch for current teaching methodologies. This research will show that the careful combination of cultural sensitivity, attention to education modalities in use today, and high performance building standards can create a school that will be comfortable, informational, energy efficient, as well as one that has the potential to boost student performance throughout the state. Case studies as well as creative solutions in the form of renovation to existing buildings and a new modular classroom design will be presented.
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    Contemporary Design as a Tool for Cultural Preservation
    ( 2008-05) Haagenson, Samuel ; Llewellyn, Clark ; Architecture
    The purpose of this project is to create and implement a methodology for using contemporary architectural design as a tool for the preservation of a traditional culture. The term “traditional culture” as used in this project refers to a culture as it existed before being greatly affected or influenced by an outside culture. The Wampanoag Native American tribe provides a good example for demonstrating this term. This tribe, located in what is now considered New England in the northeast United States, had an independently thriving culture up until the early 17th Century when the Pilgrims arrived from Europe. Before this time, the tribe had interactions with other Native American tribes, but the interactions did not drastically change their own culture. However when the European settlers arrived, the Wampanoag culture was affected in a way that greatly changed the peoples’ lives, thus transforming their culture. Although the Wampanoag culture is still a living culture today, the traditional culture is the one which existed up until the arrival of the Pilgrims. The next term to be defined is “cultural preservation.” To preserve a culture is to protect and promote all strands of existence that define a group of people and their traditional way of life. This is not to say that a traditional culture must be “dying” in order to be preserved. This may be possible, but it is more likely that the culture is just not thriving in the same manner as it was before the contact with the outside society at some point in its history. Preserving a culture, therefore, is promoting its continued existence so that information about it is not lost. Although this is an architectural project, it is not focused only on preserving traditional architecture and building methods. The project aims to use architectural design to preserve and promote a traditional culture as a whole. Contemporary Design as a Tool for Cultural Preservation Project Abstract | 1 Samuel D. Haagenson P a g e | 4 Cultural preservation is important for several reasons. First of all, traditional cultures represent a way of life that existed over a long period of history. Understanding history is important to society as a whole in order to advance into the future and avoid repeating mistakes of the past. Secondly, cultural preservation is important for members of the culture, as understanding their ancestors’ way of life gives people a personal connection to their past and an understanding of who they are and where they come from. This is a social and psychological comfort that is an important need of all human beings. Thirdly, cultural preservation is important because it honors human diversity. Many of the problems in today’s world are the result on misunderstanding and intolerance for differing cultures. Honoring this diversity, rather than letting it be a divisive element of society, is taking a step towards making this world a better place for everyone.
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    Can Roofs Breathe?
    ( 2008-05) Herbert, Douglas ; Anderson, Amy ; Architecture
    This research investigates using the principles of cross ventilation, stack effect, solar roof, and solar chimney techniques into a single roof design to possibly increase the internal air velocity and lower the internal temperatures for residential structures located in hot-humid climates. The environmental conditions common in hot-humid climates include low wind velocity, increased humidity levels and high ambient temperatures. The most benefi cial way to provide thermal comfort for the occupants living in these climates is to increase air velocity across the body, to lower humidity levels, and to lower internal temperatures. The goal is to design a roof system incorporating passive cooling and solar-induced cooling principles which will potentially increase the potential thermal comfort while outperforming conventional residential roof systems without using mechanical systems. The design in this research was tested using physical modeling with data collection and computational simulation using CosmosFlo Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software. The software was used for the computational analysis used to estimate air velocity within the roof testing modules. The preliminary testing results demonstrate a decreased internal temperature using the proposed design over those internal temperatures using typical roofi ng methods. The air velocity test data from the physical models has proved unreliable due to location of the physical testing modules which were infl uenced by higher wind speeds associated with the trade wind fl ow inherent in Hawai‘i. The temperature differences proved large enough between the air inlet vents, interior space, and air cavity to provide increased air movement in the interior of the test v modules. The outcome of this research is encouraging and shows promise that the proposed design could possibly be benefi cial to increase the thermal comfort levels for residential structures in the hot-humid climates. Further exploration and a large amount of research and development are still needed to make this design more effi cient and cost effective for possible wide spread use.
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    Modern Housing Solutions for Hawaii: Utlizing Prefabrication Technologies to Develop High Quality Urban Housing in Hawaii
    ( 2008-05) Hong, Frederick ; Rockwood, David ; Architecture
    The core characteristics of Hawaii have long created a difficult market for the design and construction of modern high-quality homes. Although strategically located in the Pacific and blessed with a lush, resourceful environment, Hawaii is relatively far from other industrial centers and has a limited supply of land. Land and building materials are often cost prohibitive, and the quality of housing suffers accordingly. Large developers have a distinct advantage in this environment and they continue to build low-quality homes that they can sell for premium prices. As a result, the residents of Hawaii consistently get “less” housing for “more” cost relative to other markets in the United States. This project investigates how modern prefabrication technologies in architecture can be utilized to create high-quality, high-performance homes at lower costs in Honolulu, Hawaii’s urban center. Whereas previous prefabrication efforts have required mass production or standardization to be economically viable, advances in digital design and fabrication are now allowing architects to design and build cheaper and in non-conventional ways. These emerging technologies will help architects introduce creative but cost-effective housing solutions appropriate to Hawaii in a market dominated by generic and limited developer-driven housing. A townhouse prototype design for Honolulu will be proposed that utilizes structural concrete insulated wall and floor panels as a modern prefabricated building element. This design will illustrate the benefits and opportunities offered by prefabrication tools and technologies such as panelized building systems, building information modeling, computer numerical controlled fabrication, and digital parametric design variation.
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