Advances in Design Science Research

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    Strategic Design Towards Platform Collaboration in The Newspaper Industry: A Design Science Research Study
    ( 2020-01-07) Kazan, Erol ; Tuunanen, Tuure ; Li, Mengcheng ; Ghanbari, Hadi ; Tumbas, Sanja
    The newspaper industry is challenged by unsustainable business models. To stabilize dwindling revenue streams, publishers opted for digital subscriptions as one avenue for additional revenues. Large publishers have indeed benefited from rising subscription numbers. However, smaller ones are challenged to achieve similar results. Some of the root causes are high churn rates, adoption costs and the lock-in effects of subscription services. News aggregator platforms may promise newspaper publishers a large pool of paying readers. But platform fees and the loss of direct customer relationships enact commercial barriers among publishers. This study applies design science research to address the aforementioned shortcomings by designing a collaborative subscription service in a Nordic country. Building on strategy alliance, digital platform and business model literature, this research aims to identify pertinent design principles that create positive conditions for collaborative subscription services in the newspaper industry.
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    The Design of Personal Privacy and Security Risk Scores for Minimizing Consumers' Cognitive Gaps in IoT Settings
    ( 2020-01-07) Choi, Daeeun ; Lowry, Paul ; Wang, Alan
    The advent of Internet of Things (IoT) technology exponentially increases the collection of new information types in consumers’ lives from various sensors. However, many consumers do not fully recognize the potential privacy and security risks (PSR) associated with IoT. Those who are aware rarely take action to protect their personal information because of a cognitive gap between PSR and its impact. To address this problem, we propose a design framework for evaluating and quantifying IoT PSRs related to IoT adoption. Grounded in the cognitive dissonance theory (CDT) and information processing theory (IPT), the proposed framework defines IoT PSR scores and proposes a visual representation for improving consumers’ awareness of PSRs. Furthermore, we suggest a PSR control balance theory (PSR-CBT) to explicate the consumers’ two internal power conflicts. The proposed PSR scores can reduce consumers’ cognitive gaps, and thus, help them make informed purchase decisions toward IoT devices and services.
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    An e-ADR (elaborated Action Design Research) Approach Towards Game-based Learning in Cybersecurity Incident Detection and Handling
    ( 2020-01-07) Rajendran, Dixon Prem Daniel ; Rangaraja P, Sundarraj
    The growth of internet has significantly increased the cybersecurity threat instances. Therefore to equip people with skills to mitigate such attacks, this paper provides a Cybersecurity game-based learning artefact designed using the e-ADR approach. The artefact teaches the Incident Detection and Handling procedures that need to be undertaken in the event of a cybersecurity threat. As per NIST’s guide to malware incident prevention and handling, an incident response process has four major phases: preparation, detection and analysis, containment/eradication/recovery, and post-incident activity. Our gaming artefact delves into the detection and containment phase to design a game that teaches users to detect and then perform containment actions on the cybersecurity threat.
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    Criteria as a Prelude for Guiding Taxonomy Evaluation
    ( 2020-01-07) Szopinski, Daniel ; Schoormann, Thorsten ; Kundisch, Dennis
    Taxonomies are design science artifacts used by researchers and practitioners to describe and classify existing or future objects of a domain. As such, they constitute a necessary foundation for theory building. Yet despite the great interest in taxonomies, there is virtually no guidance on how to rigorously evaluate them. Based on a literature review and a sample of 446 articles, this study explores the criteria currently employed in taxonomy evaluations. Surprisingly, we find that only a minority of taxonomy building projects actually evaluate their taxonomies and that there is no consistency across the multiplicity of criteria used. Our study provides a structured overview of the taxonomy evaluation criteria used by IS researchers and proposes a set of potential guidelines to support future evaluations. The purposeful and rigorous taxonomy evaluation our study advances contributes to DSR by bridging the gap between generic evaluation criteria and concrete taxonomy evaluation criteria.
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    Elaborating Research Questions Along The Writing-as-Inquiry Model
    ( 2020-01-07) Perez Contell, Jeremias ; Diaz, Oscar
    Research Questions (RQs) drive, frame and shape research endeavours. Though classification schemas are available, it is not clear how RQs are developed. This work looks into the writing-as-inquiry model. According to this model, writing unleashes mental processes that help to further refine the discourse. Hence, we consider writing not for dissemination purposes but as an enabler of RQ elaboration. This model fits the gradual and iterative process of RQ development by iterating along two workspaces: the Content workspace, for idea profiling, and the Rhetorical workspace, for narrative construction. Unfortunately, current editors fall short to support this process. This work introduces the notion of “round-trip editors” in an attempt to account for this two-workspace iteration. Abstracting from experiences on a proof-of-concept artefact (i.e. DScaffolding), we introduce some general requirements that are informed by two main kernel theories: the knowledge-transforming model of writing and the writing-as-inquiry theory. DScaffolding is formatively evaluated for its utility and usability in elaborating problem-solving RQs.
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    Workshops as a Research Method: Guidelines for Designing and Evaluating Artifacts Through Workshops
    ( 2020-01-07) Thoring, Katja ; Mueller, Roland ; Badke-Schaub, Petra
    Workshops are often used in the information systems (IS) and design fields to evaluate artifacts or to co-create business innovations. However, the evaluation of workshops is often conducted in a rather unsystematic and heterogenous way. This paper introduces a set of guidelines for designing or evaluating artifacts through workshops. These guidelines include five evaluation principles and a framework that outlines appropriate evaluation methods for different research goals. The relevant constructs and principles were identified based on related literature. The derived evaluation matrix was then revised based on ratings of five experts who independently assigned appropriate research methods for different evaluation foci. The framework’s applicability was evaluated by comparing it with ten papers from the IS and design fields. The proposed guidelines can support researchers with conducting workshop evaluations in a comparable and replicable way, which will help to improve research rigor in the future.
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    This Paper Is an Artefact: On Open Science Practices in Design Science Research Using Registered Reports
    ( 2020-01-07) Doyle, Cathal ; Luczak-Roesch, Markus
    Design Science Research has not seen wide adoption of open science principles and practices so far. Here we investigate the use of registered reports, a functionality provided by the Open Science Framework online platform, for Design Science Research. We take an unconventional approach to develop a novel open Design Science Research process by instantiating the proposed process as a proof-of-concept of itself. This paper, therefore, becomes an artefact of this new open Design Science Research process itself and is structured accordingly. We make three contributions: (1) an innovative open Design Science Research process that can be executed using the Open Science Framework based on a registered reports template we developed; (2) a discussion how open Design Science Research is theoretically embedded in the field; and (3) a research agenda for the further development and evaluation of this novel approach to Design Science Research.
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    15 Years of Information System Design Science Research: A Bibliographic Analysis
    ( 2020-01-07) Pascal, Amandine ; Renaud, Alexandre
    The publication of the seminal work of Hevner et al. [34] generated a noticeable shift on the part of researchers, leading to greater interaction between research and practice, in particular through the development of Information Systems Design Science Research (ISDSR). Fifteen years later, the time appears ripe for a retrospective analysis of this research paradigm in order to understand the logic and dynamics of its development. Recently, a small number of researchers have attempted to provide such an analysis through literature syntheses based on their subjective interpretation of the field. We seek to pursue this effort through a Co-Citation Analysis of ISDSR articles published in the AIS basket of eight journals. As such, we offer an original analysis of the ISDSR literature that sheds light on its intellectual foundations. Our contribution is twofold. First, we show the distribution of ISDSR articles and the composition of the intellectual core. Second, we discuss our quantitative results and identify an integrative framework for ISDSR.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on Advances in Design Science Research
    ( 2020-01-07) Rossi, Matti ; Tuunanen, Tuure ; Baskerville, Richard