Honors Projects for Political Science

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    Analyzing the Success of the Anti-Pesticide Movement in Hawaii
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2018) Johnson, Riley ; Moore, Colin ; Political Science
    In July 2018, SB 3095 relating to environmental protection was signed into law by Hawaii Governor David Ige. This bill contains the ‘first in the nation’ ban on chlorpyrifos, mandates reporting of all restricted use pesticides (RUPs), establishes a mandat
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    The Phoenix Program: the Viet Cong, the CIA, and the Paradox of Success
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014) Brown, Stephan ; Fergusson, Kathy ; Political Science
    The Phoenix Program remains one of the more controversial and understudied aspects of the American involvement in Vietnam and CIA operations generally. As a program constructed to fight the Viet Cong, the CIA used an innovative approach which will be analyzed through a different perspective. Namely, it will be argued that the Viet Cong was primarily a political machine, with the function of establishing political control through acts of violence rather than the traditional guerilla role often given to it. The paradox of the Vietnam War, namely the political effectiveness of the Viet Cong and the weakening of its control through military operations, will be contrasted with the military success of the Phoenix Program through political and information-based means. Primary sources, from Communist Vietnamese and former CIA operatives, as well as secondary historical and think tank reports will be used to establish and reinforce the primary argument. As numbers are notoriously hard to come by in terms of accuracy, a broad analysis of changing tactics, particularly the Tet Offensive in 1968, will be used to establish the effect of the Phoenix Program on the operations and command structure of the Viet Cong. Finally, this paper will explain how the Viet Cong, after 1970, ceased to be either a guerilla organization or a serious threat to South Vietnam.
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    Fued on the Fire: The Case Against Arming Nonstate Actors in Intrastate Conflicts
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2017-12) Hall, Thomas ; Stephenson, Carolyn ; Political Science
    The wave of nonviolent campaigns known as the Arab Spring had come to Syria in March of 2011. In spite of 50 years of violent government repression under the state of emergency law, protesters opposed to the government remained, by and large, peaceful in their pursuit of change for the first three months of opposition. In June 2011 groups of soldiers who refused to continue firing upon citizens began defecting to join the protesters, fleeing or taking up arms against the government. Small arms and light weapons were beginning to flow into Syria from abroad both through overt means and covert sponsorship by foreign governments. Defected soldiers and some protesters utilized these weapons to engage in hostilities against the Assad administration. Using at various times both covert and overt means, the United States was among the nations which supplied these militant opposition groups, providing the necessary means to perpetuate the civil war which has now lasted for, at the time of writing, six years and claimed no fewer than 400,000 lives by February of 2016.1 In July of 2017, headlines declared that the United States had announced that it would discontinue its program to train and arm Syrian rebels.2 Whether this discontinuation will end all US funding to Syrian rebels, or push them into covert program is questionable, since the similar announcements were made in 20133
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    Indigenous Societies In International Law: Analytical Focus On The Legitimacy Of Land Owndership Rights Of The Native Hawaiian People
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2015-11-20) Matsumoto, Rachel Ann
    Slowly, it appears that the political wheels have been turning in attempts to acknowledge the plight of the many indigenous societies around the world who have been denied their economic, cultural, political, and personal well-being. International legal organizations and scholars are turning to pre-existing norms, precepts, and accepted customs of international law as the basis for their arguments which establish the legal rights entitled to the indigenous peoples. The fIrst step in examining the fundamental legitimacy of an indigenous society's basis for existence lies in fully understanding the concept of sovereignty. Sovereignty, as we know it today, has taken on a "double" aspect in that its relativity is inclusive of aspects pertaining to both internal powers as well as to certain external relations.
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    Le Discours du Communisme: Understanding the Decline of the French Communist Party in Paris during the 1978 French Legislative Elections through Image and Linguistics
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014-09-26) Yakabe, Claire ; Steger, Manfred ; Political Science
    Accounting for the close proximity of France to the “Iron Curtain,” the strong Communist presence in twentieth-century French culture is unsurprising. After the Fifth Republic, however, French Communism steadily declined. The true beginning of the end came with the 1978 legislative elections, where the French Communist Party (PCF) lost their position as the premier left-wing party and the Socialist Party cut ties with the Communist Party, dismantling the former coalition. This thesis explores the diction and images found in articles and propaganda posters of 1978 in order to understand the views surrounding the PCF at this time, which will allow for a deeper understanding of the PCF’s waning support. Using Critical Discourse Analysis and semiotics, two unique, but interconnected discourses were analyzed: socialist and communist. French Communist and Socialist posters, as well as articles from the center-left newspaper Le Monde, and the communist newspaper l’Humanité were studied, focusing on the way in which the PCF was portrayed by these medias. The results paint a picture of an outdated, deluded political party rejected and ridiculed by the socialists. They had become a party unable to adapt to modern consumerist French society, instead clinging to traditional Bolshevik ideologies and ties. Undoubtedly, these views impacted the PCF’s downfall in the 1978 elections, which signaled a major shift in Left party politics; therefore, it is important to study political discourses and their interactions at this shift in order to better grasp how discourses reflect, but also influence, reality.
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    The effects of narco-terrorism on domestic policy and migration
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014-09-26) Stump, Christopher ; Grove, Jairus ; Political Science
    Recent claims by the website Politifact have stated that migration from Mexico into the United States has reached ‘net zero1’. The purpose of this study is to understand the changes in domestic policy in Mexico and the United States as a result of narco-terrorism that have had an impact on this phenomenon. In this study research will detail the history of migration between Mexico and the United States as well as cartel violence, domestic policy, and economic factors that may contribute to the event of “net zero migration”. In particular, I argue that the increases in spending in the Mexican government to bolster employment to help combat cartel recruitment has resulted in an outflow of migrants from the United States causing the net migration rate to drop. This study will show the correlation between migration patterns, changes in domestic policy in Mexico, and violence as a result of the ongoing drug cartel war in Mexico.
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    Nativist Policies that Encourage Covering and Passing among Hispanic Communities
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2014-01-15) Goring, Laila ; Goldberg-Hiller, Jonathan ; Political Science
    In recent years, anti-immigrant and nativist attitudes gained momentum in the United States. Nativism is not a recent phenomenon. Since the founding of our nation, anti-immigration views influenced policy making. In an effort to escape or hide from these perceptions or resulting actions, immigrants found it necessary to adopt behaviors that would allow them to “cover” their true cultural identities or to “pass” as a more socially acceptable caricature of themselves. This thesis analyzes the ways in which the law legitimizes and encourages the idea of “covering” traits among Hispanics in order to fit into mainstream America. The terms “covering” and “passing” were borrowed from Kenji Yoshino’s book “Covering: The Hidden Assault on Our Civil Rights”. His study focuses on the ways that non-heterosexuals “cover” or “pass” as straight in order to fit into the mainstream. Furthermore, he analyzed the way in which the law reinforces “covering” and “passing”.
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    Establishing a Pre-Arrival Visa Waiver Testing Zone for Chinese Tourists
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2013-07-16) Shao, Boheng
    Current tourism economy is experiencing stagnation, which is caused by the global financial crisis in 2008 and the constant decrease of Japanese tourists since 1997. Facing the tourism recessing, attracting Chinese outbound tourists who have larger number, strong purchasing power, and high willingness to travel to Hawaii could revive Hawaii's tourism economy. Disqualifying from the Visa Waiver Program requirements in short run, making Hawaii a pre-arrival visa waiver testing zone for Chinese travelers becomes a possible solution.
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    Marketing the 'Other': The Semiotics of Hawaii's Tourism Industry
    (University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2011-05-09) Abitbol, David ; Krishna, Sankaran
    The imagery of Hawai'i has often represented the Islands and its people as exotic. Beautiful beaches, volcanoes, surf, pineapples, and hula girls are just some of the dominant images found on postcards, calendars, television shows, tourist advertisements, and a multitude of other media. These media act as messengers to the people that wish to see and learn about Hawai'i. The consumption of these images, especially in advertisements, is a vital part of promoting and attracting visitors to Hawai'i. This is important because tourism is the largest industry in Hawai'i and is paramount to the state's economy. Tourism provides jobs for residents and is a source funding for many of the state's expenditures through hotel and sales taxes. The advertisements used by the industries tied to tourism in Hawai'i (i.e. hotels, airlines, lu‘au shows, etc.) create narratives of ‘otherness’ that are reinforced by tropes of paradise, sexuality, primitivism, and nostalgia. Ultimately, these narratives illustrate the tourists’ thoughts and perceptions on the tourist experience in Hawai'i. This thesis is a study on how the advertisements, images, and narratives of Hawai'i have come to exemplify the ideal tourism experience in Hawai'i.