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ItemRegional rivalry in the Indo-Pacific : Vietnam's role as the 2020 Chair of ASEAN(Honolulu, HI : East-West Center, 2020-04-15)With rivalry escalating between the US and China, the stability of the Indo-Pacific region is under threat. As a newly elected non-permanent member of the UN Security Council and the 2020 chair of ASEAN--the Association of Southeast Asian Nations--Vietnam will have an opportunity to help maintain peace and stability. At the same time, as one of the smaller countries, Vietnam will look for ways to use regional rivalries to promote its own national interest. Vietnam's perception of the balance of power between the US and China determines its foreign policy toward these two countries and toward ASEAN. In response to the China-US rivalry, Hanoi supports further US engagement in the region, not only to offset Beijing's influence but also to leverage the role of ASEAN and avoid any extreme outcomes.
Item'Ike Pono—designing the political and economic systems of the Internet generation(Honolulu, HI : East-West Center, 2019-05)Like the Open World Movement, 'Ike Pono itself is written using the principles of collaboration, transparency, sharing and empowerment. The stories and ideas in this introductory paper are, in effect, crowdsourced from numerous intellectuals into a single document. "'Ike Pono" is the Hawaiian term for certain knowledge. It is the shorthand I am using here for this dynamic collection of work by thought leaders that explains this movement, reveals its foundations, examines its tool, and provides a vision of what the political and economic systems of the internet generation will look like.
ItemOutward ripples : how Japan-Korea history tensions affect ASEAN(Honolulu, HI : East-West Center, 2010-05)Over the past decade, Japan-Korea tensions over their shared history have become a major cause for concern for analysts and practitioners of international relations. This working paper examines whether and how much Japan and Korea have "exported" their bilateral tensions to relations with member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN); and the impact on Japan-ASEAN and Korea-ASEAN ties. This is done by analyzing the economic, political, and security ties between these nations, as well as public opinion and media coverage of Japan-Korea 'history issues' within ASEAN. This data is interpreted through a 'holistic constructivist' theoretical framework, which seeks to look at culture and social constructions as a causal factor in international relations. The primary findings of this study are that: 1) Japanese regional efforts are primarily directed at countering China, not Korea; 2) While using some similar methods to Japan, Korea is also trying to change perceptions in ASEAN through local events; and 3) ASEAN member states are either not interested in the dispute or have strong incentives not to take a public or official stance on 'Japan-Korea history' issues.