LD&C Special Publication No. 23: Theoretical reflections around the role of fieldwork in linguistics and linguistic anthropology

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    About the authors
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) Woodbury, Anthony C.
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    Cultural glossary for the translations
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) Woodbury, Anthony C.
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    Ethical principles in linguistic fieldwork methodologies–According to whom?
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) Pérez, Jaime González ; Tandy, James B. ; Wheeler, Paige Erin
    This article seeks to establish a dialogue between the methodological proposals that have been put forward for linguistic fieldwork and the growing experiences of Indigenous linguists. It is well known that the theorizing of the methodologies that dictate linguists’ interactions in their communities of study is carried out from a perspective foreign to both the language and the community. These methodologies are designed for and guided by non-Indigenous academics, predominantly academics from different countries than those of the language and its speakers. This paper argues that the challenges faced by insider and insider-outsider linguists are not the same challenges as those faced by outsider linguists. Thus, this article contributes to a reevaluation of the universality of ethical methodological principles of fieldwork behavior in contemporary linguistics and promotes a local, Indigenous perspective that implies the decolonization of fieldwork methodologies designed by and for foreigners and uncritically adopted by insider and insider-outsider linguists.
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    Between the academy and the community: The trickster who dances at the party and shows her tongue
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) Cruz, Emiliana Cruz ; Pierson, Sofia G.
    Explored here are the complexities and challenges that arise from my experience as an Indigenous researcher. As a linguist and anthropologist, I move between both academic and community spaces. During the last two decades, a good part of my research has focused on the documentation and revitalization of Indigenous languages, in particular the Chatino languages. This article addresses my experience as an Indigenous researcher navigating these two spaces with the aim of sharing the reality of my position with academia and Chatino communities.
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    "And what are you getting out of this?" Experiencing fieldwork in your community of origin: From reflection into emotional healing
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) Alonso, Ana D. Ortiz ; Crowhurst, Megan J. ; Plumb, May Helena
    In this essay I share my fieldwork experience as a Zapotec researcher trained in anthropological and linguistic methodologies. I suggest that fieldwork is experienced differently by colleagues of non-Indigenous origin based on ethical, political and internal relationships that cross my academic projects and my personal life.
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    Activism and research for the promotion of literacy in Chatino: Experiences and reflections from fieldwork
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) de los Santos, Isaura ; Woodbury, Anthony C.
    In this article, as an insider researcher, I explore my experiences during fieldwork. I discuss personal emotions related to linguistic discrimination and internalization of speakers' negative attitudes toward their language. Also, I discuss the local power relations in the community social network to which my family belongs, and the violence I experience as a woman. As a local researcher I unveil the realities and adversities that I face doing research and working on collaborative projects in my own community with speakers, educators, and local government. Despite drawbacks and limitations in my role as researcher and literacy advocate in the community, I showcase ongoing activities that foster literacy and revitalization of the Chatino language.
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    Between insiders and outsiders: When an indigenous researcher conducts studies in her own community
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) Cruz, Hilaria Cruz ; Wood, Elizabeth A.
    This work presents the experiences of an Indigenous researcher carrying out linguistic and ethnographic studies within her own community. A growing number of Indigenous peoples are venturing into documentation, description and promotion of their languages of origin. As a field, linguistic documentation and linguistic description were created by and for members of academic institutions that were historically distant from collaborative work with the speakers of Indigenous languages. The author’s place within the community, and thus the culture, gives her a profound insight into not only local linguistic research, but also its limitations and difficulties. There is a great need for resources and materials that address the complexities of a female native researcher’s experiences in the field. These intricacies concern the paradoxical roles they play, as women, as members of complex intergenerational families, as community members and as members of educational institutions.
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    Sk’an jtsatsubtastik ko’ontontik: Dialogues, challenges, and complexities of being a Tsotsil researcher
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) Martínez, Margarita Pérez ; England, Nora C.
    The article reflects on the experiences of a researcher of Tsotsil origin trained in the fields of linguistics and anthropological linguistics, who lives in the same territorial space of the study community. Specifically, it examines the implications and challenges of being a woman, a Tsotsil and a researcher, who, on the one hand, delves into the social and community spaces that are exclusive to men, and on the other, enters a field in which external researchers have been privileged. The author starts from an epistemology that proposes the study of “we” in contrast to the research established in the study of “others”. It provides a series of methodologies for research “from within” that start from the need for knowledge of cultural resources, dialogue from the same linguistic code, the ecology of formulating questions, the practices of reciprocity, the preponderance of collective interests, empathy, as well as the awareness of living in community scrutiny. Finally, it proposes an approach to the study communities that is fundamentally humane, and not simply methodologically correct.
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    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) Cruz, Emiliana Cruz ; Epps, Patience L.
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    (University of Hawai'i Press, 2020) Tzul, Gladys Tzul ; Epps, Patience L.