Distributed Ledger Technology, The Blockchain

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    A Cross-Disciplinary Review of Blockchain Research Trends and Methodologies: Topic Modeling Approach
    ( 2020-01-07) Shahid, Muhammad Nauman
    Given the increasing interest in blockchain technology, we present a large-scale cross-disciplinary literature analysis of research on the blockchain using topic modelling with the goal of identifying the major research trends, research methodologies, and fruitful areas for further research. In particular, the analysis focuses on abstracting out research trends from relevant terms and topics related to the research disciplines of Business, Computer Science, Economics, Social Sciences, Engineering, Healthcare, and Law. A total of 2,125 articles published between 2008 to up until early 2019 in academic journals and conferences were analyzed. Results of our analysis reveal that research is bipartite between practical and research domains, with academic research on blockchain not clearly aligning with organizational and social benefits. Also, we found – 1) few inter-disciplinary publications, and 2) a small number of studies that use surveys, experiments, and case studies as their research method. Our findings also reveal that research on Blockchain in the social sciences and law is still in the embryonic stage, thus making it essential to develop more direct research efforts for Blockchain to thrive in all research disciplines.
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    The Effect of Information Asymmetry on Investment Behavior in Cryptocurrency Market
    ( 2020-01-07) Park, Minjung ; Chai, Sangmi
    With the increase in the attention to cryptocurrency, studies on the factors affecting the price fluctuation of cryptocurrency have been actively conducted. Prior researches suggested that policy announcements (i.e., public information) related to cryptocurrency have been found to affect the price volatility in the market in particular. Privileged information, which is hard to be observable unlike public information published by the government or corporations, is hardly homogenously distributed to individual investors. However, it inevitably affects the price in any market. Therefore, this study aims to identify the information asymmetry, which is mainly formed by privileged information, in the cryptocurrency market. Moreover, this study examines whether investment sentiment, which mainly influences transaction behaviors of uninformed traders, has a significant effect on the cryptocurrency market as well. The results contribute to the understanding of the cryptocurrency market in a basis of the existing market theories.
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    Starling: A Blockchain-based System for Coordinated Obstacle Mapping in Dynamic Vehicular Environments
    ( 2020-01-07) Miehle, Daniel ; Pfurtscheller, Andreas ; Bruegge, Bernd
    Current Vehicle-to-Vehicle solutions cannot ensure the authenticity of safety-critical vehicle and traffic data. Moreover, they do not allow malicious vehicles to be detected and eliminated. However, this is becoming mandatory, as more and more vehicles are on the road and communicating with each other. We propose a system called Starling, which focuses on trusted coordinated obstacle mapping using blockchain technology and a distributed database. Starling enables vehicles to share detected obstacles with other vehicles in a secure and verifiable manner, thus improving road safety. It ensures that data was not manipulated, changed, or deleted and is based on an open protocol so that vehicles can exchange data regardless of their manufacturer. In a case study, we demonstrate how a consensus is reached among vehicles and conduct a comprehensive evaluation of the Starling system using Ethereum and the InterPlanetary File System.
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    How to Develop a GDPR-Compliant Blockchain Solution for Cross-Organizational Workflow Management: Evidence from the German Asylum Procedure
    ( 2020-01-07) Guggenmos, Florian ; Lockl, Jannik ; Rieger, Alexander ; Wenninger, Annette ; Fridgen, Gilbert
    Blockchain technology has the potential to resolve trust concerns in cross-organizational workflows and to reduce reliance on paper-based documents as trust anchors. Although these prospects are real, so is regulatory uncertainty. In particular, the reconciliation of blockchain with Europe’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is proving to be a significant challenge. We tackled this challenge with the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. Here, we explain how we used Action Research to guide the Federal Office in creating a GDPR-compliant blockchain solution for the German asylum procedure. Moreover, we explain the architecture of the Federal Office’s solution and present two design principles for developing GDPR-compliant blockchain solutions for cross-organizational workflow management.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on Distributed Ledger Technology, The Blockchain
    ( 2020-01-07) Zavolokina, Liudmila ; Mehrwald, Pascal ; Welpe, Isabell ; Krcmar, Helmut