M.L.I.S - Library and Information Science

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 14
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    Public Libraries and Homelessness: Connecting Vulnerable Patrons to Needed Resources
    ( 2019) Vega, Holiday ; Irvin, Vanesaa ; Library and Information Science
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    Ruth Horie: An Oral History Biography and Feminist Analysis
    ( 2018-12) Shaindlin, Valerie Brett ; Wertheimer, Andrew ; Library and Information Science
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    Exploring Personal Connections In A Digital Reading Environment
    ( 2017-05) Trimble, Amy ; Library & Info Sciences
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    Exploring Personal Connections in a Digital Reading Environment
    (Honolulu: University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2017-05) Trimble, Amy
    This thesis presents a phenomenological, qualitative study of students and faculty and their experience with reading in both the physical and digital realms of reading. Results are based on the analysis of personal, one-on-one interviews from the context of a university environment, specifically, community members of the University of Hawaii. The phenomenon of connection between readers and their reading sources is explored resulting in six themes, which represent manifestations of connection between the study participants and their reading. Important to note, touch and tangibility continue to play a significant part in the reading process, especially due to aspects of familiarity, accessibility and ownership.
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    Toward a Hawaiian Knowledge Organization System: A Survey on Access to Hawaiian Knowledge in Libraries and Archives
    ([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [August 2015], 2015-08) Matsuda, Shavonn
    Libraries and archives in Hawai‘i and around the world contain significant collections of Hawaiian knowledge. This thesis examines the adequacy of Western Knowledge Organization Systems (KOS) for Hawaiian knowledge and presents the results of an investigation into the creation of a Hawaiian system of organizing knowledge. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of Hawaiian scholars and a sample of information professionals in Hawai‘i to discover successes and challenges in accessing Hawaiian knowledge in libraries and archives and to explore opportunities for a KOS designed for Hawaiian collections and communities. Select KOSs created and implemented by other indigenous peoples were reviewed along with past and ongoing efforts in Hawai‘i to improve access within Library of Congress classification and subject headings. Key considerations for a Hawaiian KOS are presented: the immensity of Hawaiian knowledge, decisions concerning the language of a KOS, the need for Hawaiian library and information science professionals and the importance of collaboration in the creation and maintenance of a Hawaiian KOS.
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    Visualizing the article : an exploratory study of undergraduates' educational reactions to images in scholarly articles
    ([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [May 2013], 2013-05) Vornholt, Sarah Ilysa
    The aim ofthis research is to explore undergraduate underclassmen interactions with scholarly communication and in what manner the inclusion of images impact the student's educational interests. Scholarly journals and articles are a common companion to many university courses. According to Bishop and Neumann (2000), students tend to retrieve digital scholarly journals more than their faculty. Libraries at university campuses subscribe to multiple types ofcostly educational databases to provide faculty, students, and researchers with access to scholarly materials. To provide an example, Harvard University recently performed a complete overhaul of their library subscriptions claiming these subscriptions were "fiscally unsustainable and academically restrictive" with 3.75 million dollars of their budget paid in 2011 to database providers for access to scholarly articles (Harvard Faculty Advisory Council, memorandum, April 17, 20'l2). With so much of the universities funds pouring into scholarly communication resources, the student users should feel their academic needs are met. To begin an experimental questionnaire study was conducted at a research university on underclass undergraduate students from an introduction Information Resources and Library Science (IRLS) course. The participants were presented with brief articles on various subjects (history, business, sociology, and art) containing either an image related to the topic or text only. The participants were asked a variety of open-ended, free response questions related to their perceptions of the articles, their opinions on using them in further research, and recall information retained from the articles. The research questions center around the general impact of images in scholarly publications, but specifically (a) how will undergraduate underclassmen respond to articles with images as compared to those without images, (b) what kinds of factors influence this population's educational interests in scholarly journals, (c) how are educational interest and images linked, (d) if unprovoked, will students notice and comment on the addition of images in a scholarly article. Because the study's core is the students' unprovoked responses to images, the participants were not aware of the true nature of the study, and any references to images were spontaneous and not suggested. This thesis is organized as such: Chapter 2 surveys the literature and experimental investigations from various related fields to information sciences. Chapter 3 details the methods and procedures adopted to study participants' relationships with images in scholarly articles, with a focus on measuring educational interests (defined as motivations behind interest in academic materials). Chapters 4-5 review and discuss the results of the experimental survey. In Chapter 6, the conclusion, it will be shown there are many different causes for students to view an article as educationally interesting, but images do appear to be a factor for many students. This indicates that images in scholarly articles can be an important enhancement to scholarly communication for students with diverse learning styles.
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    Meeting the information needs of students in the Ilokano language and literature program : assessing Hamilton library's Philippine collection at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
    ([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [December 2013], 2013-12) Garces, Nicolita Marie Sagun
    This case study uses a critical theory framework to explore the possibilities of how the University of Hawaiʻi-Mānoa's Hamilton Library can be a transformative space by aligning its services with the Ilokano Language and Literature Program and aid in the decolonization process and empowerment of students. The study identifies students' information needs and assesses the library's Ilokaniana collection. The study encompasses language and cultural preservation in Hawai‛i and the Philippines, the cultivation of ethnic pride and empowerment, and the growing development of Ilokano Studies as an academic discipline. Its multi-method approach includes a syllabus study, analysis of library-generated data and interviews of Ilokano Program students and professors and the Philippine specialist librarian. The research uncovers external and internal issues regarding the publication and availability of Ilokano materials and how students and professors supplement materials. Recommendations on how to improve the Ilokaniana collection, including collaborative and technological efforts, are addressed.
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    Discriminating tastes : editing Siam's patrimony and the birth of the 'National Library,' 1905-1925
    ([Honolulu] : [University of Hawaii at Manoa], [December 2012], 2012-12) Mika, Joshua Christopher
    Concerning the authority which libraries possess in society, Fernando Baez states, "We have to remember that museums and libraries were closely linked to the nation's power structure."18 This research proffers that this statement be taken further in the case of Siam's Royal Library for the Capital: The Library was not only linked to Siam's power structure, it was an active agent within the power structure by defining and promoting what Siam was and what constituted the nation through publications composed by the Library's royal administrators and published as Royal Library for the Capital editions. These publications became standard educational treatises on Siamese history, society, politics, and literature. The Library also acted as a warehouse of "raw material" to facilitate knowledge production within a growing amount of print-scholarship concerning the new notion of Siamese cultural identity.19 During this era (and the present era in Thailand), Siam was replete with non-Thai peoples, such as Khmer, Lao, Burmese, Chinese, and many others who represented potential sources of minority unrest to the ruling ethnic Thai absolutist regime. This research details how the Library's royal administrators consolidated competing sources of information that were deemed to conflict with the emerging royalist-nationalist, Thai-dominated identity of the Kingdom. Far from promoting the egalitarian ideals which we find in Carnegie's philanthropic work in establishing American public libraries, as an obverse, Siam's Royal Library for the Capital was an active agent operating to promote the hegemony of the Chakri regime through its collection policies and the production of knowledge (as argued in the sixth and seventh chapters). Within the sixth and seventh chapters, this research examines the scope of history during first twenty years of the Library's existence, covering the latter years of King Chulalongkorn's reign (1905-1910) and the entirety King Vajiravudh's reign (1910-1925). It investigates the actions of the library's administrators and the publications which the library scholar-officials (including some Westerners who acted as chief librarians) published while amassing Siam's literary heritage within the centralized location of the Royal Library for the Capital. Also, this research examines the Royal Library's role within the dissemination of newly constructed knowledge within the Kingdom. The scholar-librarians who administered the institution enabled and promoted great epistemological changes within the kingdom, and they greatly enlarged the collections and functions of the Royal Library for the Capital. This period of the early years of the Library marks distinct changes in official discourses of knowledge within Siam. Simply put, Siam's Royal Library for the Capital was central to this process. It acted as a sort of foundry wherein knowledge was manipulated and forged. This knowledge promoted a new construct of the Siamese nation, and it promoted the primacy of the newly constructed, unilateral Thai history which buttressed the legitimacy of the ruling Chakri elite; their views, in this process, were the only ones articulated.20 The institution therefore acted as both locus and agent for discriminating knowledge production and its dissemination. The intent through this research is to expand upon the constructs of the Library's history which have been put forth by the Thai government as well as Thai and foreign scholarship over the past century. Its role within the absolutist Siamese regime has not yet been fully articulated in scholarship; its relationship to other processes of Siamese internal-colonization has yet to be realized.