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ItemCounseling In A Hawaiian Context: An Ethnographic Case Study Of Two Hawaiian Culture-Based Schools( 2004-08)The purpose of this descriptive and exploratory study was to discover the cultural values, strategies, techniques, and goals embedded in the practice of counseling in two Hawaiian culture-based schools. This study also revealed the perspectives of students, and how they felt their school was meeting their social, emotional, and developmental needs. The qualitative methodology of ethnographic case study was employed as the research design and semi-structured interviews, observations, and document analysis were chosen as research instruments. Findings suggested that cultural recovery, among other counseling functions, was an important factor in meeting the social, emotional, and developmental needs of students interviewed. Although this study was conducted on a small select sample, it lends promise to the continued support and growth for Hawaiian culture-based schools. Implications for policy, research, training, and practice are also discussed.
ItemA cross-cultural comparison of attitudes toward persons with disabilities: college students in Japan and the United States(University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2003-12)Three factors were compared with regard to attitudes toward people with disabilities: (1) culture, (2) amount of contact, and (3) type of relationship. Participants included 111 college students majoring in Social Work or Psychology in the U.S. and 118 college students majoring in Social Policy and Administration in Japan. The Attitudes Towards Disabled Persons Scale (ATDP) (Yuker & Block, 1986) was used to measure attitudes. No significant relationships were found between attitudes toward people with disabilities and culture, nor the amount of contact. A significant relationship was found between the type of relationship and attitudes toward people with disabilities among students in the U.S., particularly among those who had a positive relationship with close friends. The implications for future training are discussed.
ItemDon't Tell me What to do! The Role of Perceived Control in Children's Life Satisfaction(University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2002-12)Prior research has asserted that relatedness, connectedness, and autonomy are directly related to a person's overall life satisfaction. This notion has been examined for various adult groups. However, there has not been any significant research to examine this construct in relation to school-aged children. Furthermore, prior research has look at how this notion of autonomy is related to life satisfaction but no statistically pertinent research has investigated how impact this construct is on overall life satisfaction for students. This research investigated the effect of perceived control (feelings of autonomy) has on a student's overall life satisfaction. Previous research has looked at certain demographic variables impact on perceived control with only minor positive outcomes. This research examined the relationship between three demographic variables (ethnicity, gender, and age) have on reports of control. Results indicated that there is a relationship between student perceptions of control and overall student life satisfaction. Students reported high levels of satisfaction when they viewed themselves as having a sense of control when at school. Furthermore, there appears to be a relationship among a person's cultural identity and his/her age and perceptions of control. No interaction between gender and perceived control was reported in this study. When combined, age and gender appear to have an influence on a person's reports of control. Finally, a three-way interaction between cultural identity, age, and gender was seen on reports of control. Conclusions drawn from this study are that individuals who report high senses of control also report higher levels of happiness or life satisfaction. Demographic variables can then influence reports of a sense of control in variations depending on which variables are looked at in connection to one another.