Environmental Change and Prehistoric Polynesian Settlement in Hawai'i

dc.contributor.author Athens, J Stephen
dc.contributor.author Ward, Jerome V.
dc.date.accessioned 2010-08-04T19:43:26Z
dc.date.available 2010-08-04T19:43:26Z
dc.date.issued 1993
dc.description.abstract Prehistoric environmental change in Hawai'i is evaluated through the analysis of sediment and pollen samples from dated cores and excavation profiles in the coastal lowlands of O'ahu. It is suggested that a lowland Pritchardia palm forest and associated species underwent rapid decline starting between about A.D. 1000 to 1200. This decline seems to have occurred earlier in coastal areas than in inland areas. By the time of Western contact in A.D. 1778 the native palm forest community had all but disappeared. Though prehistoric Polynesians are implicated in the decline, the actual mechanism remains to be demonstrated. The question of coastal infilling and progradation is also considered. Sea level change appears to be the overwhelming controlling variable. It is concluded that prehistoric Polynesians had little if anything to do with large-scale geomorphological alteration of the landscape, which has been a continuing process throughout the Holocene. KEYWORDS: paleoenvironment, Hawai'i, prehistory, impacts, vegetation, geomorphology, Holocene.
dc.identifier.citation Athens, J. S., and J. V. Ward. 1993. Environmental Change and Prehistoric Polynesian Settlement in Hawai'i. Asian Perspectives 32 (2): 205-23.
dc.identifier.issn 1535-8283 (E-ISSN)
dc.identifier.issn 0066-8435 (Print)
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/17031
dc.publisher University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu)
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 32
dc.relation.ispartofseries Number 2
dc.subject paleoenvironment
dc.subject Hawai'i
dc.subject prehistory
dc.subject impacts
dc.subject vegetation
dc.subject geomorphology
dc.subject Holocene
dc.subject.lcsh Prehistoric peoples--Asia--Periodicals.
dc.subject.lcsh Prehistoric peoples--Oceania--Periodicals.
dc.subject.lcsh Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals.
dc.subject.lcsh Oceania--Antiquities--Periodicals.
dc.subject.lcsh East Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals.
dc.title Environmental Change and Prehistoric Polynesian Settlement in Hawai'i
dc.type Article
dc.type.dcmi Text
Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
2.58 MB
Adobe Portable Document Format