Plant-Parasitic Nematodes Associated with Breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg. Lau, Teri J.-W.
dc.contributor.department Tropical Plant Pathology 2019-05-28T20:42:38Z 2019-05-28T20:42:38Z 2017-12
dc.title Plant-Parasitic Nematodes Associated with Breadfruit, Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg.
dc.type Thesis
dcterms.abstract A survey of plant-parasitic nematodes associated with breadfruit in Hawai‘i was conducted on 25 sites with breadfruit trees. Soil and breadfruit roots yielded seven genera of plant-parasitic nematodes (Helicotylenchus, Meloidogyne, Mesocriconema, Paratylenchus, Pratylenchus, Rotylenchulus, Tylenchorhynchus) and one Heteroderid. Morphometric and molecular techniques identified a root-lesion nematode found parasitizing breadfruit as Pratylenchus coffeae. Host ranges and pathogenicity of Meloidogyne javanica, Pratylenchus coffeae, and Rotylenchulus reniformis were tested on breadfruit cultivar ‘Ma‘afala’ in two experiments. In experiment 1, P. coffeae reproduced 17-fold, while M. javanica and R. reniformis did not replace the inoculum concentration. At termination, no visible symptoms were present on host plants, but a greater root weight of breadfruit inoculated with P. coffeae was measured. Experiment 2 showed similar trends despite higher greenhouse temperatures and pot-bound breadfruit trees. Reproductive factor results indicate breadfruit is a good host to P. coffeae and a poor host to M. javanica and R. reniformis. Key Words: Hawaii, Helicotylenchus dihystera, host range, identification, Kauaʻi, Ma‘afala, Maui, Meloidogyne javanica, lesion, Ma‘afala, molecular, morphometric, morphology, Oʻahu, Paratylenchus, pathogenicity test, Pratylenchus coffeae, Rotylenchulus reniformis, survey, ‘ulu.
dcterms.description M.S. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2017.
dcterms.language eng
dcterms.publisher University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
dcterms.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
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