The Pigs of Island Southeast Asia and the Pacific: New Evidence for Taxonomic Status and Human-Mediated Dispersal

dc.contributor.author Dobney, Keith en_US
dc.contributor.author Cucchi, Thomas en_US
dc.contributor.author Larson, Greger en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-08-04T19:56:29Z
dc.date.available 2010-08-04T19:56:29Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.description.abstract This paper undertakes a major survey of the genus Sus from Island Southeast Asia and specifically attempts to re-examine the taxonomic status of the pigs of Wallacea, in order to re-evaluate the complex evidence for human mediated dispersal. This was undertaken using the combined approach of tooth outline and mitochondrial DNA analysis. The data provide clear evidence for three dispersal events: The first involved domesticated pigs, originating from wild Sus scroJa stock in mainland Southeast Asia, being introduced to the Greater and Lesser Sunda Islands, to the Mollucas, New Guinea, and Oceania. Archaeological specimens clearly link these pigs with the Lapita and subsequent Polynesian dispersals. Since the pigs on New Guinea are specifically linked with this dispersal, it follows that the current wild populations of the island must be the feral descendants of introduced domestic pigs from mainland Southeast Asia, which came into New Guinea via the Lesser Sunda Islands. A second dispersal event also involved domesticated pigs (this time from wild Sus scroJa populations from mainland East Asia), introduced to the Philippines and Micronesia, while a third involved the endemic warty pig of Sulawesi (Sus celebensis), which data from Liang Bua cave shows was introduced to Flores perhaps as early as 7000 B.C. en_US
dc.identifier.citation Dobney, K., T. Cucchi, and G. Larson. 2008. The Pigs of Island Southeast Asia and the Pacific: New Evidence for Taxonomic Status and Human-Mediated Dispersal. Asian Perspectives 47 (1): 59-74. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 1535-8283 (E-ISSN) en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0066-8435 (Print) en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10125/17280
dc.publisher University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu) en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Volume 47 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries Number 1 en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Prehistoric peoples--Asia--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Prehistoric peoples--Oceania--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Oceania--Antiquities--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh East Asia--Antiquities--Periodicals. en_US
dc.title The Pigs of Island Southeast Asia and the Pacific: New Evidence for Taxonomic Status and Human-Mediated Dispersal en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.type.dcmi Text en_US
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