dc.contributor.advisor Tse, Alice Ricossa, Katherine Ann
dc.contributor.department Nursing 2022-03-03T19:57:36Z 2022-03-03T19:57:36Z 2021 Ph.D.
dc.subject Nursing
dc.subject human caring
dc.subject loving-kindness
dc.subject nurse managers
dc.subject self-care
dc.type Thesis
dcterms.abstract BackgroundNurse Managers (NMs) are vulnerable to leaving the profession due to dissatisfaction from mounting on-the-job pressures and perhaps unknowingly lack the practices of loving-kindness and self-care, which may help build resilience. There is a gap in the literature where the practice of self-care has not been addressed on behalf of NMs. Purpose The purpose of this dissertation was to determine if there is a correlation between demographic characteristics as it relates caring practices among NMs with their perceptions of their immediate supervisors (caring leader) and to discover if there is a correlation between a caring for self and caring leaders. Study Methods This study was descriptive, exploratory, and quantitative. The convenience sample consists of directors, nurse managers and assistant nurse managers. The setting is an organization called the California Association of Nurse Leaders. An IRB was obtained by the University of Hawai’i at Mānoa. Demographic information was collected with two instruments that measured self-care and leadership. The Watson Caritas Self Rating® (WSCRS) and Watson Caritas Leader Rating® (WCSRS). WSCRS had a Cronbach Alpha of .89. WSCRS had a Cronbach Alpha of .82, Recruitment and survey questions were distributed electronically. The study period was May 19, 2021, to June 30, 2021. Data Analysis The sample size consisted of NMs (n = 23). Missing data revealed that bias existed with family composition. For both WCSRS and WCSR surveys, the least responded items were: helping and trusting relationships, and values, belief and faith. Cronbach alpha indicated good internal consistency. Using a regression model, findings indicate statistical significance (p < 0.05). Findings Family composition revealed bias, indicating those who live alone may have had more time to complete the survey. Results were examined separately and then combined to establish significance. The following independent variables were statistically significant when tested separately: advanced degree (masters’ and doctorate) and marital status (married or partnered). However, when these variables were combined only advanced nursing degree was significant. The caring leader and advanced degree in nursing remained significant when tested separately. When combined, the advanced degree in nursing was significant. Caring for self and caring leader had a positive correlation. Conclusion This study was considered a pilot due to the small sample size. Findings indicated that advanced degree in nursing (masters’ or doctorate) remained the most single predictor of caring for self throughout the study. A supervisor (caring leader) was correlated to the NMs’ ability for caring for self.
dcterms.extent 128 pages
dcterms.language en
dcterms.publisher University of Hawai'i at Manoa
dcterms.rights All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
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