The Effect of a Single Formant on Dialect Identification

Date
2013-04-01
Authors
Grama, James
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Department of Linguistics
Abstract
Labov (2001:167–68) makes the claim that English speech communities use F2 in vowels to establish social identity, while they use F1 chiefly for the cognitive differentiation of vowel phonemes. However, little work has been done to address whether this observation holds in perception. By using a forced-choice, matched-guise experiment, this paper investigates whether variations in a single formant can shift perceptions of a speaker’s regional origin. Results suggest that when the F1 of DRESS is low, the vowel is more reliably rated as Californian, suggesting that depending on the vowel, both formants may be important in the perception of social identity.
Description
Keywords
linguistics
Citation
Grama, James. 2013. The Effect of a Single Formant on Dialect Identification. University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa Working Papers in Linguistics 44(3).
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