Efficacy of localized chemical treatments for Cryptotermes brevis (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) in naturally infested lumber.

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2007-12
Authors
Woodrow, R Joseph
Grace, J Kenneth
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Hawaiian Entomological Society
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Abstract
Localized injection of insecticides into termite galleries in infested wood represents an alternative to whole-structure fumigation for drywood termite control. The efficacy of this method is limited, however, by the use of repellant insecticides and the difficulty of locating drywood termite colonies. The present study addressed both issues by the use of an experimental acoustic emissions (AE) detector to assist in location of termite infestations in naturally infested shipping pallets, and application of the non-repellant insecticide spinosad (Dow AgroSciences). Chlorpyrifos 0.5% aerosol, 15% aqueous disodium octaborate tetrahydrate (DOT), resmethrin 0.25% aerosol, distilled water (control) and two treatments of 0.5% spinosad suspension concentrate (one with the injection site based on visual evidence and the other on acoustic evidence) were injected into boards in hardwood shipping pallets naturally infested with the drywood termite Cryptotermes brevis Walker. Termite mortality was greatest with spinosad treatments, although variability was high due to the continued difficulty of identifying and treating all separate areas of infestation in the boards.
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chlorpyrifos, Cryptotermes brevis, disodium octaborate tetrahydrate, drywood termites, hardwood, Isoptera, resmethrin, spinosad, termite control
Citation
Woodrow RJ, Grace JK. 2007. Efficacy of localized chemical treatments for Cryptotermes brevis (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) in naturally infested lumber. Proc Hawaiian Entomol Soc 39:149-152.
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