Line Faults Classification Using Machine Learning on Three Phase Voltages Extracted from Large Dataset of PMU Measurements

Otudi, Hussain
Dokic, Tatjana
Mohamed, Taif
Kezunovic, Mladen
Hu, Yi
Obradovic, Zoran
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An end-to-end supervised learning method was developed to classify transmission line faults in a two-year field-recorded dataset that includes synchronized measurements of three-phase voltages recorded by 38 phasor measurement units (PMUs) sparsely located in the US Western Grid interconnection. Statistical analysis was performed to extract features from this large dataset to train the support vector machine (SVM), random forest (RF), and extreme gradient boosting (XGBoost) classifiers. The training further leverages a simulated dataset from a synthetic grid with 12 PMUs to increase the number of types of faults infrequently seen in the field-recorded dataset. Training the classification models with the combined dataset resulted in a classification accuracy of 98.58%. This is a significant improvement over 86.87% to 87.17% accuracy obtained by relying on the field-recorded dataset alone.
Monitoring, Control, and Protection, machine learning, phasor measurement units, power system faults, synchrophasors
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