Experiments on Green Algae Coexistent with Zooxanthellae in Sea Anemones

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1971-01
Authors
Muscatine, Leonard
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University of Hawai'i Press
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Along the Pacific coast of North America sea anemones of the genus Anthopleura are dominant intertidal coelenterates. They occur as solitary tide pool inhabitants (A . xanthogrammica) or as aggregations carpeting firm substrates (A. elegantissima). One of the unique features of these species is their invariable symbiotic association with unicellular Dinophyceae. These brown or yellow-brown algae, known as zooxanthellae, occur intracellularly in the gastrodermal tissues of the host anemone (Muscatine, 1961) .
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Muscatine L. 1971. Experiments on green algae coexistent with zooxanthellae in sea anemones. Pac Sci 25(1): 13-21.
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