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HAWAIIAN MORPHEMES: IDENTIFICATION, USAGE, AND APPLICATION IN INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

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Title:HAWAIIAN MORPHEMES: IDENTIFICATION, USAGE, AND APPLICATION IN INFORMATION RETRIEVAL
Authors:Hosoda, Kelsea Kanohokuahiwi
Contributors:Lim, Lipyeow (advisor)
Communication and Information Science (department)
Keywords:Information science
Linguistics
Language
Cyberinfrastructure
Hawaiian
show 3 moreʻŌlelo Hawaiʻi
Information Retrieval
Morphemes
show less
Date Issued:2019
Publisher:University of Hawai'i at Manoa
Abstract:The grammar of the endangered Polynesian language, Hawaiian, has been studied and documented in print starting as early as 1838. Previous studies on Hawaiian morphology analyzed only affixes. Although the significance of roots were repeatedly acknowledged by Hawaiian grammar scholars, there are no previous studies on Hawaiian roots. The lack of a generalizable, comprehensive morphologically annotated lexicon of Hawaiian words that includes a tagged set of roots and affixes impedes the development of morpheme-based information retrieval systems and word-level pedagogical approaches. Historical documents are key for endangered language revitalization. Preservation and revitalization efforts of endangered languages have focused on documenting, digitizing, and archiving historical documents with minimal research on digital information retrieval. A morphologically annotated lexicon has the potential to improve digital information retrieval systems.
In this dissertation, the first comprehensive list of Hawaiian roots is identified through the development and implementation of a semi-automated morphological analysis system for Hawaiian. Examination of the identified morphemes includes the first statistical analysis of Hawaiian roots, affixes, and their relationships, producing profiles of Hawaiian morphemes. Finally, a conceptual model for Hawaiian information retrieval optimization is outlined based on the morpheme analyses. This dissertation broadens the knowledge of Hawaiian morphology, adds to digital information retrieval techniques for endangered languages, and contributes a method for morphological annotation of low-resource languages.
Description:Ph.D. Thesis. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2019
Pages/Duration:661 pages
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10125/63105
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: Ph.D. - Communication and Information Sciences


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