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Design for Flooding: Māpunapuna Industrial Park.

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Title:Design for Flooding: Māpunapuna Industrial Park.
Authors:Lapinig, Gabrielle G.
Contributors:Architecture (department)
coastal resilience
adaptive response design
Date Issued:May 2018
Publisher:University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa
Abstract:Floods are one of the most hazardous natural disasters in Hawai‘i, largely due to the islands’ dramatic landscapes and the proximity of urban development to the coastlines. Hawai‘i’s vulnerability is also amplified because it is one of the most isolated places in the world and outside government emergency response may not be immediately available. Some current flood mitigation and adaptation measures include channelized and dammed streams, elevated structures, the use of flood-proof building materials, and statewide warning systems, all of which are conventional, engineering-focused, and monofunctional. These approaches alone are not well equipped to withstand severe flooding events and allow for post-disaster recovery. Because of Hawai‘i’s isolation, its exposure to different types of flooding hazards, and its growing populations, future mitigation and adaptation strategies must be multi-functional, able to withstand severe flooding events while also addressing the needs of the communities.
This research provides an array of design strategies for enhancing Hawai‘i’s resilience from future floods based on the works of Roger H. Charlier and Christian P. De Meyer, co-authors of Coastal Erosion: Response and Management, the United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Design precedents showcasing shoreline protection, floodable and floating architecture, stormwater management, and ecological restoration projects were analyzed; each incorporated specific design strategies into bold, holistic flood-responsive designs.
Phases of a conceptual, redeveloped master plan of Māpunapuna, an industrial district on O’ahu prone to flooding from rainfall, event-based surges from the ocean, and the effects of sea level rise, demonstrate the implementation of the selected design strategies and lessons taken from the research in order to enhance the district’s resilience to future floods. Overall, the speculative final design is an example of an innovative, responsive design resilience to floods that can be explored in Hawai‘i and other coastal communities with similar conditions.
Description:D.Arch. Thesis. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa 2018.
Rights:All UHM dissertations and theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission from the copyright owner.
Appears in Collections: D.ARCH. - Architecture

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