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Bots for language learning now: Current and future directions

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Title:Bots for language learning now: Current and future directions
Authors:Fryer, Luke
Coniam, David
Carpenter, Rollo
Lăpușneanu, Diana
Contributors:Robert Godwin-Jones (editor)
Conversational Agents
Language Learning
Date Issued:01 Jun 2020
Publisher:University of Hawaii National Foreign Language Resource Center
Center for Language & Technology
(co-sponsored by Center for Open Educational Resources and Language Learning, University of Texas at Austin)
Citation:Fryer, L. K., Coniam, D., Carpenter, R., & Lăpușneanu, D. (2020). Bots for language learning now: Current and future directions. Language Learning & Technology, 24(2), 8–22. Retrieved from
Abstract:Bots are destined to dominate how humans interact with the internet of things that continues to grow around them. Despite their still budding intellectual capacity, major companies (e.g., Apple, Google and Amazon) have already placed (chat)bots at the centre of their flagship devices. (Chat)Bots currently fill the internet acting as guides, merchants and assistants. Chatbots, designed as communicators, however, have yet to make a meaningful contribution to perhaps their most natural vocation: foreign language learning partners. This review engages in three questions that surround this issue:
1. Why are chatbots not already at the centre of foreign language learning?
2. What are two key developers of chatbots working towards that might push chatbots into the language learning spotlight?
3. What might researchers, educators, and developers together do to support chatbots as foreign language learning partners right now?
Journal:Language Learning & Technology
Appears in Collections: Volume 24 Number 2, June 2020 Special Issue:Technology-enhanced L2 Instructional Pragmatics

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