A Conflict in Perspectives: Effects of the British, French, and American Ambassadors' Observations of Inter-Revolutionary Russia on Their Respective Nations' Policies, February - October 1917

Hong, Claire
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University of Hawaii at Manoa
The impact of the Russian Revolutions of 1917 extended far beyond the country’s borders. The world was in the midst of a great war; Russia's instability and shifting concern from international to domestic politics contributed to an uncertain diplomatic situation. In a ten-month period the people of Russia saw three different governments, which changed not only in personnel, but in ideology as well. As the Allied nations attempted to reaffirm the strength of the alliance system binding them together they began negotiations with each successive government that came to power. But the various interests of the Allies on the one hand, and Russia on the other complicated diplomatic activity. The Allies’overriding worry was to keep Russia at war with Germany, since Russia absorbed much of the Allied manpower losses, created a second front, and contributed significantly to the war effort. If Russia surrendered or fell, the Allies would not only lose an important ally, but Germany might obtain access to Russia’s rich natural resources and to war material that the Allies had supplied to Russia. For these reasons the Allies exerted constant pressure to keep the Russian war machine going.
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