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Land Misuse and Hydrologic Response: Kaho'olawe, Hawai'i

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Title:Land Misuse and Hydrologic Response: Kaho'olawe, Hawai'i
Authors:Loague, Keith
Lloyd, D'Artagnan
Giambelluca, Thomas W.
Ngyuen, Anh
Sakata, Burt
Date Issued:Jan 1996
Publisher:University of Hawaii Press
Citation:Loague K, Lloyd D, Giambelluca TW, Nguyen A, Sakata B. 1996. Land misuse and hydrologic response: Kaho'olawe, Hawai'i. Pac Sci 50(1): 1-35.
Abstract:DEDICATION: This paper is dedicated to "Ka'imipono" Rendell D. Tong
(13 September 1959-4 January 1995). In his lifetime Rendell supported many
environmental efforts in Hawai'i, especially the work reported in this paper,
with a passion that was contagious. About Kaho'olawe he once wrote: "I'm
looking forward to our continued work to restore Hakioawa ahupua'a [watershed]
and to gain a comprehensive scientific observation and understanding of
the hydrologic cycle on Kaho'olawe. We are invigorated and proud to be practicing
that foundation of Hawaiian cultural values, miilama 'iiina [take care of
the land]. So we keep working for the land, physically, spiritually ... for the
people of the earth-e kupono e ka po'e honua." The spirit of Ka'imipono lives
on in Hawai'i, especially on the island of Kaho'olawe, forever!
ABSTRACT: This paper is concerned with the characterization of near-surface
hydrologic response for the Hawaiian island of Kaho'olawe, where erosion
caused, in part, by surface runoff is the major factor in landscape denudation.
New sets of saturated hydraulic conductivity and sorptivity data from 110 sites
across Kaho'olawe are presented and analyzed for spatial structure using statistical
methods and land cover classification. At a regional scale there was no
statistically characterizable spatial structure in either of the new data sets; we
characterized the spatial distribution of saturated hydraulic conductivity and
sorptivity based upon land cover. Also presented is a suite of runoff simulations
for the entire island of Kaho'olawe, based upon the near-surface soil hydraulic
property interpretations reported, for 10 separate rainfall events. The hydrologic
response simulator used provides a relatively realistic representation of
Hortonian overland flow. This study consisted of 700 deterministic-conceptual
rainfall-runoff simulations, based upon the 10 rainfall events applied to 70 catchments
that were divided into 1529 overland flow planes. Our simulations suggest,
for the large events selected for this study, that the maximum island average
surface runoff by the Horton mechanism is ca. 20% of rainfall.
Appears in Collections: Pacific Science Volume 50, Number 1, 1996

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