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Executive accountability in Southeast Asia : the role of legislatures in new democracies and under electoral authoritarianism

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Title:Executive accountability in Southeast Asia : the role of legislatures in new democracies and under electoral authoritarianism
Authors:Case, William
LC Subject Headings:Legislative bodies - Southeast Asia
Legislative power - Southeast Asia
Government accountability - Southeast Asia
Executive power - Southeast Asia
Representative government and representation - Southeast Asia
Date Issued:2011
Publisher:Honolulu, HI : East-West Center
Series:East-West Center (Washington, D.C.). Policy studies ; 57
Abstract:In an influential study, Fish and Kroenig argue that "overarching institutional designs" (i.e., presidential, parliamentary, and dual systems) tell us less about the prospects of a new democracy than does the particular strength of the legislature. Specifically, executives are best checked where legislatures are powerful, generating horizontal accountability. In addition, ordinary citizens are better informed by the robust party systems that strong legislatures support, fostering vertical accountability. In comparing Freedom House scores with their Parliamentary Powers Index (PPI), Fish and Kroenig show clear correlations, leading them to conclude that democracies are made strong by legislatures that are empowered. In this monograph, this thesis is tested in five country cases in Southeast Asia: the Philippines and Indonesia, both new democracies, and Malaysia, Cambodia, and Singapore, cases of electoral authoritarianism. Analysis uncovers that in the new democracies, though their legislatures may be rated as powerful, members are geared less to checking the executive than to sharing in state patronage. In addition, although the legislature is evaluated as weak under electoral authoritarianism, it features an opposition that, with little access to patronage, remains committed to exposing executive abuses. What is more, when the executive operates a regime type that lacks the full legitimacy gained through general elections, he or she grows more receptive to at least mild legislative scrutiny. Contrary to Fish and Kroenig, then, this study concludes that the executive is held more accountable by legislatures under electoral authoritarianism than in new democracies. But rather than leading to a transition to democratic politics, this accountability strengthens authoritarian rule.
Description:For more about the East-West Center, see
Pages/Duration:xiv, 74 p.
Appears in Collections: East-West Center (Washington, D.C.). Policy Studies

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