Creativity in Teams

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    Development and Validation of the Information Systems Creative-Self-Efficacy Scale
    ( 2018-01-03) Payne, Katherine Carl ; J. Keith, Mark ; Babb, Jeffry ; N. Spruill, Alexandra
    High-performing information systems (IS) professionals harness creativity as they build systems to solve new and unstructured business problems. Psychology has developed useful scales and techniques for measuring creativity. However, "being creative" is not sufficient. IS professionals must also have confidence in their creative ability to succeed. The belief in one’s ability to be creative is termed creative self-efficacy (CreaSE). CreaSE is defined in the general business context, but scales are not thoroughly developed or refined. CreaSE has also never been studied in the IS context. We detail steps to develop and validate a theoretically-based measure of CreaSE as related to IS. Our process includes six datasets collected during refinement. Participants include business and IS students, online respondents, university professors, IS executives, and IS professionals. The validated instrument is a second-order formative measure with reflective first-order sub-constructs based on belief in cognitive ability, affect, domain knowledge, skills, and understanding of people.
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    Creativity Tests versus Cognitive Computing: How Automated Personality Mining Tools Can Enhance Team Composition
    ( 2018-01-03) Ahmad, Rangina ; Siemon, Dominik ; Robra-Bissantz, Susanne
    Optimal composition of teams is an issue most enterprises face. Research conducted on this topic has identified personality as one of the key factors influencing team performance. The Big Five model, a framework for assessing personality, has standardized five personality traits, of which openness is reported to have a positive relationship with creativity. Creativity is regarded as one of the most relevant qualities for innovation. However, creativity as an ability manifested by performance on creativity tests is associated with difficulties. We therefore present cognitive systems as an alternative way, to not only find creative potential but also as a strategy to enhance team composition. Within our pilot study, we attempted to find a linkage between variables of creativity tests and the Big Five personality traits. Although our findings showed no salient correlations between these variables, we believe that automated personality mining tools would outperform creativity tests in the long run.
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    How Does Corporate Social Responsibility Promote Innovation? The Sequential Mediating Mechanism of Employees’ Meaningfulness of Work and Intrinsic Motivation
    ( 2018-01-03) Kim, Byung-Jik ; Chang, Young Kyun ; Kim, Tae-Hyun
    Based on group creativity framework, our research investigates how corporate social responsibility (CSR) promotes innovation of firms by revealing sequential mediating mechanisms of employee’s meaningfulness of work and intrinsic motivation. By applying a multi-level approach, this study examines the internal processes of micro-level variables between two macro-level variables (i.e., CSR and innovation). Utilizing a 3-wave longitudinal data from 4,178 organizational members in 502 branches as well as objective CSR records from one of the largest Korean commercial banks, we found that employee’s meaningfulness of work and intrinsic motivation sequentially mediate the CSR-innovation link. The results suggest that CSR functions as a powerful driver of innovation through enhancing employees’ perceptions and attitudes toward their job.
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    How Does Collaborative Cheating Emerge? A Case Study of the Volkswagen Emissions Scandal
    ( 2018-01-03) Castille, Christopher ; Fultz, Andrew
    Since 2014, Volkswagen (VW) has been enthralled in a reputation-tarnishing cheating scandal that has raised questions regarding how collaborative cheating unfolds in organizational settings. While the behavioral ethics literature provides some insights, this literature is largely confined to individual decision makers and so little work examining how collaborative cheating emerges has been done. Therefore, with this case study, we draw on various data sources (e.g., court case summaries, investigative reporting, technical reports, popular press outlets, and publically available employee interviews) and use case study methodology (i.e., grounded theory, open-systems diagnostics) to construct a process model that explains how collaborative cheating emerges in organizational settings. Theoretical and practical implications are also discussed.
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    Introduction to the Minitrack on Creativity in Teams
    ( 2018-01-03) de Vreede, Triparna ; de Vreede, Gert-Jan ; Seeber, Isabella