Pacific Science Volume 24, Number 2, 1970

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Pacific Science is a quarterly publication devoted to the biological and physical sciences of the Pacific Region.


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    Phalloid Fungi in Hawaii
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1970-04) Goos, R.D.
    The order Phallales, as outlined by Cunningham (1942) and Zeller (1949), contains three families and approximately 20 genera of fleshy basidiomycetes, which, because of their usually stalked fruiting bodies and foetid odor, are commonly called "the stinkhorns." The group includes some of the most bizarre and unusual of the fungi.
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    Investigation of the Benthic Marine Flora of Hood Canal, Washington
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1970-04) Phillips, Ronald C. ; Fleenor, Bill
    Hood Canal is a fjord (Kollmeyer, 1965) connected to Puget Sound (Fig. 1) . Water in the canal was reported as highly stratified owing to a large volume of freshwater runoff from the Olympic Mountains (Kollmeyer, 1965). The water mass is relatively isolated from that of Puget Sound proper by an entrance sill at Vinland, 44 meters deep, 22.36 km (12 nautical miles) south of Admiralty Inlet. Owing to a lack of investigation
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    Microbial Biomass In the Euphotic Zone of the North Pacific Subarctic Water
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1970-04) Seki, Humitake
    Microbiological investigations were made in the North Pacific subarctic water during spring of 1969. Total bacteria, heterotrophic bacteria, yeasts, and glucose uptake by microorganisms were measured in the euphotic zone. There was no heterogeneity in the distribution of microbial biomasses between Alaskan Gyre, mid-Pacific transitional water, and Western Gyre. Another statistical analysis showed that there was microzonation in the microbial distribution but no specific vertical distribution of total bacteria, heterotrophic bacteria, and glucose uptake. The microbial biomass in the euphotic zone of the North Pacific subarctic water in spring was estimated to be (3 .0 ± 1.4) X 10^3 clumps of total bacteria per ml, 2.1 ± 1.9 clumps of heterotrophic bacteria per 10 ml, and a glucose-carbon uptake of 89 ± 32 μg per m^3 per day.
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    Studies on Singapore Pollen
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1970-04) Rao, A.N. ; Lee, Y.K.
    The pollen flora of Singapore and Malaya has been studied very little despite the wealth of the lush tropical vegetation. In well-known works on pollen morphology (Wodehouse, 1935; Erdtman, 1952) few of the indigenous plants of Southeast Asia have been described and most of the descriptions are based on herbarium material. About five years ago, when several requests were made for identification of certain pollens in connection with a few allergic cases reported in the local hospitals, an interest developed in the study of Singapore pollen. Since then a reference pollen collection of about 400 local species has been built up in the Botany Department of the University of Singapore, and a study on the morphological characters of the pollen of these plants has been undertaken. This paper is the first report of these studies. The valuable works of Cranwell (1953), Erdtman (1943, 1952), Faegri and Iversen (1964), Hyde and Adams (1958), Nair (1965), and Wodehouse (1935), and the journals Grana Palynologica, Botanical Review (Faegri, 1956), and Pollen et Spores were consulted as chief sources of reference. The pollen characters of about 85 species which have not been described in these earlier works are dealt with here, and another eight species are redescribed to indicate the variations displayed by local forms.
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    The "Staminodia" of the Genus Schiedea (Caryophyllaceae) and Three New Hawaiian Species. Hawaiian Plant Studies 32
    (University of Hawai'i Press, 1970-04) St. John, Harold
    The genus Schiedea was described in 1826 by Chamisso and Schlechtendal, based upon the single species S. ligustrina. Successive botanists made new discoveries in, and added more species to, the genus. Lastly, Sherff (1945), published a monograph of the genus, classifying it into 19 species and 21 varieties, all endemic in the Hawaiian Islands. Since then Sherff or Degener and Sherff have added six more varieties.
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