Asian Perspectives, 1992 - Volume 31, Number 1 (Spring)
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Asian Perspectives is the leading peer-reviewed archaeological journal devoted to the prehistory of Asia and the Pacific region. In addition to archaeology, it features articles and book reviews on ethnoarchaeology, palaeoanthropology, physical anthropology, and ethnography of interest and use to the prehistorian. International specialists contribute regional reports summarizing current research and fieldwork, and present topical reports of significant sites. Occasional special issues focus on single topics.
Center for South Asian Studies
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ItemReview of The Life and Mind of Oriental Jones, by Garland Cannon; Triumph of Moro Diplomacy: The Maguindanao Sultanate in the Seventeenth Century, by Ruurdje Laarhoven; The Traditional Pottery of Papua New Guinea, by Patricia May and Margaret Tuckson; The Rise of a Great Tradition: Japanese Archaeological Ceramics from the Jomon through Heian Periods (10,500 B.C. -1185 A.D.); Batan Island and Northern Luzon: Archaeological, Ethnographical, and Linguistic Survey, by Kazumi Shirakihara (ed.); An Archaeological Perspective of Panay Island, Philippines, by Peter Coutts; Pleistocene and Palaeolithic Investigations in the Soan Valley, Northern Pakistan, by H. M. Rendel, R. W. Dennell, and M. A. Halim.(University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1992)
ItemExcavations at Banyan Valley Cave, Northern Thailand: A Report on the 1972 Season(University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1992)With the field records and artifactual materials recovered from Banyan Valley Cave in northern Thailand, it is now possible to reliably correlate lithic, ceramic, and other cultural materials with the general stratigraphic layers from which they derive. An earlier Hoabinhian occupation at the cave was replaced by a later occupation associated with neolithic elements, including pottery and rice. There is some overlap among the elements through time, a pattern also noted at Spirit Cave in the same general area. This suggests that there is some continuity in the expression of Hoabinhian throughout the Holocene in parts of Thailand. KEYWORDS: Southeast Asian prehistory, Hoabinhian, Holocene cultural chronology.
ItemCompositional Analysis of Pottery from Kota Cina, North Sumatra: Implications for Regional Trade during the Twelfth to Fourteenth Centuries A.D.(University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1992)Previous research on the mineral composition of Southeast Asian earthenware pottery suggested that different production locales might be discriminated on the basis of trace elements. Additional tests have now been conducted on a large number of samples. The results confirm those of the earlier research and provide additional evidence on trade in locally made pottery in Southeast Asia during the ninth to fourteenth centuries A.D. We can now state that a particular form of Fine Paste ware was shipped from east Java to north Sumatra during this period. In addition, with this larger sample it was possible to statistically define the divisions between various classes of pottery from north Sumatra. KEYWORDS: Ceramic compositional analysis, Southeast Asian prehistory, prehistoric pottery production and trade.
ItemSettlement Pattern Change in Hawai'i: Testing a Model for the Cultural Response to Population Collapse(University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1992)The population collapse in the Hawaiian islands after European contact is discussed in relation to aspects of change and continuity identified between settlement patterns of the prehistoric and historic periods for two traditional territorial units on the islands of O'ahu and Hawai'i. In addition to a decline in the absolute number of residential complexes occupied during the historic period, most features occupied after European contact contain more components, resulting in an increase in horizontal space associated with each residential complex. KEYWORDS: Hawaiian settlement patterns, Historic architectural change, Historic demographic collapse.
ItemDiachronic Design Changes in Heiau Temple Architecture on the Island of Maui, Hawai'i(University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1992)The archaeological and historical record of ceremonial architecture in the Hawaiian Islands is examined. The purpose is to describe and explain diachronic change in the design of heiau temples using historic documents, ethnographic and archaeological research, and in particular, analysis ofl08 heiau temples built between A.D. 1200 and A.D. 1800 on the island of Maui. Results indicate that ancient Hawaiian architects employed a series of design systems to produce a wide array of temple morphological variation. A diachronic model of heiau architecture, which states that simple structures such as terraces predate more complex structures such as platforms, is developed based upon existing stratigraphic and chronological data recovered from heiau foundations. This model is tested by examining the distribution of temple types on the island of Maui. Certain design elements, such as terraces and walls of stacked construction, cluster in windward regions-the initial areas of dense occupation according to the current model of island settlement. As Hawaiian society grew more complex, so did temple architectural design, with six-sided, notched shaping, platforms, and walls of corefilled construction. These elements were found to cluster in leeward regions of Maui, areas thought to have been densely settled relatively late in Hawaiian history. Heiau size, however, was found not to vary through space and may even decrease after A.D. 1600. KEYWORDS: Chiefdoms, Heiau, Hawai'i, Maui, Monumental Architecture, Style.
ItemIn Memoriam: Kenneth Pike Emory, 1897-1992(University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1992)
ItemEditorial(University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1992)
Item31:1 Table of Contents - Asian Perspectives(University of Hawai'i Press (Honolulu), 1992)