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ItemMeasuring the Immeasurable? the Intangible Benefits of Digital Information( 2019-01-08)The benefits of digital information are mostly viewed as intangible, meaning that they can be hard to measure. This lack of measurements makes the benefits difficult to compare and communicate, creating problems for e.g. decision-making and the strategic development of specific digital information. Therefore, I conducted a literature review to find out how the combination of intangible benefits and measurements are dealt with in the information systems field. I found that we measure the intangible benefits of information systems or information technology. Here, the measurement method is divided into input, rule, and output. The input consists of predetermined individual benefits, areas of predetermined benefits, or interpreted benefits from respondents. The rule follows an accepted theory or contextual adjusted rules, and the output (benefit) can be seen as either financial or non-financial. The avenue for further research focuses on the digital information as the primary resource, not information systems or information technology.
ItemFrom Exploitation to Exploration: A Staged Model of Supplier Information Technology Use for Buyer Value Creation( 2019-01-08)The use of information technologies (IT) in a supply chain has been recognized as essential for both organizational exploration and exploitation activities. Drawing upon organizational theories, we submit that a punctuated equilibrium approach is most viable in the context of supplier IT use for generating buyer benefits in a supply chain network. Through the analysis of matched-pair data collected from a major North American electronic components distributor and its key suppliers, we find that the supplier’s IT exploitation has direct influence on IT exploration, which in turn directly contributes to the buyer’s operational and strategic benefits (and fully mediates the effect of IT exploitation). This study enriches both the IS and supply chain management literature by providing empirical findings that uncover the mechanisms through which collaborative supply chain IT use would influence value creation for trading partners.
ItemStrategic alignment of IT and human resources: Testing a mediation model of e-HRM in manufacturing SMEs( 2019-01-08)Within the manufacturing sector, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) face specific challenges with regard to their strategic human resource management (SHRM) capabilities. In this context, an emerging issue for both IS and HR researchers and practitioners regards e-HRM, i.e. the deployment of strategic IT capabilities to enable the firm’s SHRM capabilities and thus improve its SHRM performance. In addressing this issue, the present paper aims to validate a research model that takes a moderation perspective of strategic alignment in relating SHRM and e-HRM capabilities to SHRM performance. To do so, a survey study of 206 manufacturing SMEs was realized. Results confirming the hypothesized relationships between the firm’s SHRM capabilities, e-HRM competencies, e-HRM infrastructure and SHRM performance thus constitute a valid basis for prediction and prescription with regards to the strategic alignment of IT resources and human resources.