2023 AAMC Western Group Collaborative Spring Conference

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    Reinforcing the Basic Sciences with a Student Co-Designed, Integrative High-Fidelity Simulation Curriculum
    ( 2023) Silverman, Ariel ; Gehr, Deshae ; Ghobadi, Ali ; Brar, Harminder ; Nkonde-Price, Chileshe ; Pau, Candace
    Reinforcing the Basic Sciences with a Student Co-Designed, Integrative High-Fidelity Simulation Curriculum
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    Stop, Breathe & Ask: What do I really need right now? A personal development workshop
    ( 2023) Gavero, Gretchenjan
    Health and wellness remain hot topics in work environments, with decades of research on burnout prevention and job satisfaction. While organizational change is a vital intervention in fostering wellness, such efforts often take a significant amount of time and pose multiple systemic barriers (i.e., time, manpower, funding, administrative complexities, etc.). These challenges perpetuate factors that interfere with one’s ability to live a fulfilling life. Professional development efforts such as courses and mentorship programs are helpful resources but often focus on job-specific aims, leaving challenges that impact one’s personal life unaddressed. This scenario creates a loop where personal and professional experiences negatively affect each other. Especially in medicine and education, providers, administrators, educators, and trainees must be equipped with personal development tools to help sustain the passion and drive to perform while fully present in our lives. Attention to personal growth efforts is a helpful strategy that can initiate an immediate change and transform one’s experience without waiting for an entire organization or system to shift. Now imagine what if change can happen now?! The human brain (& body!) has an incredible ability to transform our experiences and send external ripples to influence larger shifts, and it starts within ourselves.
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    Moving the Needle: Changing the Culture Around Professionalism For Faculty As Evaluated by Medical Students
    ( 2023) Molla, Mithu ; Jain, Sharad ; Servis, Mark ; Daniel, Michelle ; Simmons, Emma ; Granillo, Christina
    Moving the needle: Changing the culture around professionalism for faculty as evaluated by medical students Rationale Professionalism is an integral aspect of physician growth and development and a core competency in medical education. Clinical experiences and faculty role models are the most powerful determinants of professional behaviors and values in the practice of medicine.1,2 Yet, with significantly greater stress placed on clinical faculty in the last 25 years, there has been increasing concern over an erosion of the attitudes and behaviors of practicing physicians and the resulting negative impact on the professional development of medical students and resident physicians3. Given its importance, faculty professionalism is assessed annually in the American Association of Medical Colleges graduate questionnaire (AAMC GQ) survey of fourth year medical students, providing medical education leaders with data on their performance compared to medical schools nationally, as well as year-over-year trends.. Many schools struggle with faculty professionalism data that is reported through the GQ and their students’ perception of a poorly perceived professional clinical environment. The three schools presenting at this session have received low learning environment scores at different times and have employed interventions to change the culture at their institutions, with varying success, to address the underlying root causes. In this session, we will discuss overall challenges of addressing the learning environment and faculty professionalism. After that, each student will report its GQ data, root causes identified, and interventions to address those root causes. After the presentations, participants will break out into small groups and, using a structured guide, review data from their own schools as well as interventions that have been tried to address those issues. Participants will come together at the end for a facilitated discussion to summarize their conversations and discuss ideas and opportunities to bring to their home institution to improve the learning environment. Learning Objectives • Review the quality improvement approach and interventions that have been shown to be effective at improving professionalism at UC Davis, UC Riverside, and UC San Diego • Develop a list of high-impact interventions that can be utilized to improve professionalism in the learning environment at your institution • Describe your approach to implementation of interventions unique to your institutionand ways in which these incidents can be shared with the broader educational community Session Plan • 10 minutes: Describe why changing professionalism outcomes is a “wicked problem” • 24 minutes: Review the approach and adoption of interventions at UC Davis, UC Riverside, and UC San Diego where these institutions have strived to improve culture of professionalism (8 mins each) • 30 minutes: Breakout sessions where participants discuss professionalism challenges at their home institutions and brainstorm interventions to improve their culture. • 25 minutes: Plenary group discussion to identify consensus approaches and opportunities to enact culture change Products/materials • PPT Experience • Mithu Molla MD – Director of the Learning Environment, Co-Chair Learning Climate Committee, UCD SOM • Sharad Jain MD – Associate Dean for Students, Co-Chair Learning Climate Committee, UCD SOM • Mark Servis MD – Vice Dean for Medical Education, UCD SOM • Christina Granillo, PhD - Director of Academic Success, Chair of the Grievance Committee and co-Chair of our Learning Environment Council • Michelle Daniel, MD, MHPE, FACEP - Vice Dean for Medical Education, Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine UC San Diego SOM • Emma M Simmons MD, MPH – Senior Associate Dean of Student Affairs, UC Riverside SOM Bibliography 1- Orit Karnieli-Miller, PhD, et al. Medical Students’ Professionalism Narratives: A Window on the Informal and Hidden Curriculum. Academic Medicine, Vol 85, No.1/January 2010 2- Inui TS, et al. A Flag in the Wind: Educating for Professionalism in Medicine. Washington DC: Association of American Medical Colleges; 2003. 3- Swick H, et al. Teaching Professionalism in Undergraduate Medical Education. JAMA, September 1, 1999- Vol 282, No.9 4- Binder R, et al. Preventing and Managing Unprofessionalism in Medical School Faculties. Acad Med. 2015;90:442-446.
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    Evaluating Case Mapping as a Learning Tool for Problem-Based Learning in Medical Education
    ( 2023) Biala, Eduardo, Jr. ; Yamamoto, Marcus ; Lee, Benjamin ; Nishioka, Scott
    The problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum is the core learning modality for medical students at the University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine. Students are first introduced to PBL in MD1 Health and Illness, where they are provided learning tools that complement PBL that solidify the concepts covered in this curriculum. Case mapping, one of the learning tools, is an active form of learning where students make decisions to construct a map that organizes information by grouping facts and concepts. This modality prevents linear focus by illustrating relationships between concepts through cross-links, utilizing higher order learning than rote memorization alone, and fosters self-directed learning. Case mapping has been found to be effective in promoting critical thinking that translates into clinical and diagnostic reasoning. Thus, our aim was to introduce case mapping as a supplementary learning tool to evaluate its utility and efficacy for medical students in a PBL curriculum. This study collected data from first year medical students (n=57) at the John A. Burns School of Medicine. Students received an instructional session on case mapping and its application to PBL. Following this, students were assigned to construct their own map on the pertinent concepts involving the differential for sore throat and Streptococcal pharyngitis. This assignment was followed by an anonymous, voluntary questionnaire inquiring about their opinions of the value and benefit of case mapping. The results showed that students found case mapping to be beneficial in finding correlations between clinical concepts and aided in the retention of biological and clinical learning issues. Students also reported that an electronic based unlimited whiteboard was conducive in the construction of a case map. In conclusion, case mapping is an effective learning tool that reinforced active learning that was beneficial in first year medical students introduced to a PBL curriculum. While students found case mapping to be an effective tool, responses demonstrated that more time was spent constructing case maps rather than focusing on content of the learning issues. However, with more exposure to the learning tool and unlimited whiteboard program, students could potentially overcome this learning curve associated with its initial use in medical education. While this study showed how case mapping can be used as a learning tool in the pre-clinical phase of medical education, there is potential to examine its utility in the clerkship phase as a method of organizing learning through patients.
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    From Silos to Systems: Leveraging Visualization Tools to Map and Navigate the Complex Terrain of Health Professions Education
    ( 2023) Griffin, Erin ; Russell, Irina ; Germain, Lauren J. ; Brar, Kiran ; Dabzadeh, Zahra ; Youm, Julie
    Rationale: Health Professions Education (HPE) programs are diverse and founded with varied goals, missions, and pedagogical approaches. Navigation of this complex system requires an understanding of the components and connections that form HPE programs. Educators need shared maps that match this system to facilitate communication, progress, and efficiency. Systems maps are useful for describing shared mental models and delineating educational processes and goals; they are particularly effective for revealing unproductive tendencies toward siloing. In ‘The Seven Silos of Accountability,’ Joshua Brown presents a model of accountability silos in higher education that is applicable to HPE. The seven silos are assessment, accreditation, institutional research, institutional effectiveness, program evaluation, educational measurement, and higher education public policy. Specialized stakeholders may lack understanding of this broad network, leaving leadership in the difficult position of ‘pulling it all together’ with limited backup and support. One approach for enhancing integration, communication, and efficiency across silos is visualizing components of systems as a mechanism for identifying and solving system-level challenges. These visualizations result in a process map that reflects the terrain of an organization called an Organigraph. Organigraphs are practical tools that can be used to orient those new to HPE, facilitate systems-level improvements, and identify opportunities to streamline effort and innovation. In this panel, members of four institutions will present an emerging collaborative effort to support HPE programs. We have designed an organigraph of the common organizational silos in UME as well as a user-sourced, interactive visualization of organizational silos to aid in orientation to HPE programs. Learning Objectives: 61 words At the end of this session, participants will be able to: Identify three advantages of visualizing an organizational process map of the Health Professions education. Describe three examples of how a systems approach can address silo-driven challenges in the academic program environment. Demonstrate how systems visualization tools can be used to map accreditation needs across silos. Discuss pain points of silos in a Health Professions education context and reflect on systems-based solutions. Session Methods and Format: 109 words Introduction and definition of 1) Silos in medical education, and 2) Organigraphs, followed by a presentation of current silos in UME, including examples of use cases from multiple institutions. (25 minutes) Interactive reflection on silos in HPE: Structured large group discussion. (15 minutes) Presentation of 1) an Organigraph that maps the silos and shows how they interact in the functional landscape of UME, 2) an interactive dashboard on these silos, and 3) how this visualization can be sourced by stakeholders. (25 minutes) Interactive reflection on Organigraphs and visualization of silos in HPE: Structured large group discussion. (15 minutes) Concluding remarks and Q&A session with the audience. (10 minutes)
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    Anatomy of a Story: Reframing Resilience through Long-Lasting Communication
    ( 2023) Nguyen, Clara D.T.
    Any personal story can become its own form of impactful long-lasting communication, with proper dissection. Knowing the anatomy of a story builds lasting impact from within–sharing personal stories in professional spaces at all levels of medical education is crucial to making the field more inclusive and diverse. It is not only empowering for the presenter, it begins to break down the institutional barriers and systemic issues that leave 28.8% of resident physicians (Mata, 2015) and 27.2% of medical students (Rotenstein, 2016) worldwide with depression or depressive symptoms. Physician burnout must be urgently tackled from several angles: one being storytelling as a vehicle to highlight meaningful ideas and lessons of personal triumph, social justice, and resilience. Participants will receive a step-by-step guide to dissecting their own experiences, such that they can identify one important idea they feel is beneficial for others to learn through storytelling.
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    Self-Paced Polling Increases Medical Student Engagement in Recorded Lectures and Improves Examination Performance
    ( 2023) Rhee, Sung W. ; Vuk, Jasna ; Anders, Michael
    Research Statement/Research Question Do self-paced polling questions in recorded lectures increase preclinical medical students' engagement and academic performance? Background and relevance of the study Engaging medical students in the curriculum may promote a deep approach to learning. However, class attendance is often low, and many students prefer recorded lectures. The shift to more online classes presents further challenges for student engagement. Self-paced polling with recorded lectures could increase student engagement in online education as well as address some students’ preference for recorded lectures. Design and Methods For second-year medical students, 148 audience response questions were given in three days. Participation in live or self-paced polling was incentivized with course points. With self-paced polling, students answered at their own pace while watching recorded lectures. Students who participated actively in all three days were MA https://www.abstractscorecard.com/cfp/submit/submissions/summary/view.asp?EventKey=SXINBCDE&SubmissionID=1385661 2/3 11/1/22, 4:22 PM Preview - Call for Papers - 2023 WGEA/WGSA/WOSR Joint Regional Meeting subdivided into the Live group (2-3 days with live polling) and Self-paced (0-1 day with live polling) and compared to the Inactive group. Performance of the three groups was compared on seven examinations. Students also voluntarily answered: “How did the self-paced polling affect your experience with recorded lectures?” Results 127/165 (77.0%) students used self-paced polling. 46 students were Inactive. 60/119 active students primarily used self-paced, and 59 used live polling. The Self-paced group performed significantly better than the Inactive group only on the fourth examination after incentivized, self-paced polling was made available. 115/127 (90.6%) students made positive comments about self-paced polling, while 12 (9.4%) were negative. In the positive comments, students expressed their emotional (n=59), behavioral (n=34), or cognitive (n=39) engagement. Conclusions Self-paced polling questions in recorded lectures enhanced students' emotional, behavioral, and/or cognitive engagement with course material and improved examination performance. Significance Medical educators can use self-paced polling to enhance student engagement and academic performance. Future studies should replicate and extend findings, with a focus on the impact of self-polling on deep and strategic approaches to learning and long-term retention.
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    Analysis for Racial and Gender Disparities in the Stanford School of Medicine Clerkship Evaluation System
    ( 2023) Rydel, Tracy ; Russell, Irina ; Hedlin, Haley ; Bernstein, Daniel ; Gesundheit, Neil
    Stanford School of Medicine completed an analysis of our assessment system, the Criterion-Based Evaluation System (CBES), from 2011-2019, investigating for gender- and race-based disparities. Since January 2022, the USMLE Step 1 examination is now pass/fail2. In January 2021, Step 2 Clinical Skills was eliminated3. With these two changes, accurate clerkship assessments will be playing an increased role in residency applications. Concurrently, several medical schools have presented their findings on disparities and bias within their systems of medical student evaluation4,5,6. Medical schools nationwide must re-examine their methods of assessment of medical students.
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    Careers in Medicine: Value, Awareness, and Utilization
    ( 2023) Felida, Natalie ; Youngclaus, Jay ; Halicki, Mary ; Gineris, Helen ; Horan, Erin ; Peters, Janelle ; Stazyk, Kelly
    Careers in Medicine® (CiM) is a comprehensive career planning and advising program sponsored by the AAMC. Established in 1999, CiM works with school liaisons to support medical student career decision-making. CiM empowers students with information to make sound career decisions by helping them identify career goals, explore specialty, and practice options, and prepare for residency. The purpose of this poster is to increase awareness amongst liaisons and students alike of the value of CiM and the many tools and resources CiM provides members throughout this process. Learning objective 1: After reviewing the poster, participants will have a better understanding of the resources that CiM provides students and advisors to help enable and prepare them for the career advising process. Learning objective 2: After reviewing the poster, participants will be able to describe the historical and current use of CiM that highlight the value and benefits of CiM for career advising for students and advisors, alike. Learning objective 3: After reviewing the poster, participants will be able to list the four-year, four-phase developmental framework that informs CiM and the resources we provide.
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    LARC provision by family medicine residents: Interest, Barriers, and Gender Differences
    ( 2023) Kobayashi, Liana ; Tseng, Chien-Wen ; Quattlebaum, Thomas ; Soin, Komal
    Research Statement To evaluate family medicine residents’ interest in providing LARCs in future practice and identify barriers to LARC training in residency. Background and relevance of the study Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) such as implants and IUDs are highly effective birth control methods and use has been increasing over the past several years [1,2]. Physicians’ ability to offer LARCs is important for patient access. However, a 2014 national study showed that few family medicine physicians offer implants (11%) or IUDs (19.7%) overall, and male physicians are much less likely to provide LARCs than females [3], despite LARC training being a recommended part of family medicine residency training by the American Academy of Family Physicians[4]. Design and Methods Residents received general contraceptive and LARC training in their continuity clinics, OB/GYN rotations, and electives at Planned Parenthood. A cross-sectional anonymous online survey was sent to all residents at our family medicine residency program in May 2021, and simple statistics were used for analyses. Results All 21 residents (100%) completed the survey. Most considered it “very important” for family medicine physicians to provide implants (86%) and IUDs (81%). However, female versus male residents reported much higher rates of being “very likely” to provide implants (91% vs 30%) and IUDs (91% vs 20%) in their future practice. The most common barrier (“moderate” or “significant”) to LARC training was lack of time (81%). Other barriers included too few patients requesting LARCs (76%) and doing initial contraceptive counseling but placement done by different clinician (57%). Conclusions Most residents considered LARC training and placement to be very important for family physicians, but interest in providing LARCs was significantly higher amongst female versus male residents. Significance Gender differences with regards to interest in provision after training needs to be evaluated on a national scale. Major barriers which need to be addressed are that LARC placement takes time and requires a higher volume.